Solca ( Solka German ) is a town in the district of Suceava in Romania.
Solca located in Bukovina on the eastern edge of the mountains Obcina Mare. The county capital of Suceava is located approximately 35 km east.
Solca was in 1418 - first mentioned - the time of the Moldavian prince Alexandru cel Bun. From 1612 to 1622, the monastery was founded Solca under Prince Ştefan TOMSA II. This became an important property in the area by princely donations. To his reign were many serfs, including many Gypsies. After the Nazi takeover of Austria 1774/1775 and the Josephine reforms, the convent was expropriated in 1785 and rededicated to a village church, ended serfdom. From 1784 rock salt was mined in Solca. 1796 was a brewery, in 1801 a potash Siederei and in 1802 a brick. At the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century German settlers moved into the place.
After the First World War, the Bukovina and thus Solca came to Romania. 1926, the site was declared a city. 1940 left in the result of an agreement between the German Reich and Romania, most Bukovina Germans Solca.
The main economic activities are the agriculture and forestry.
1930 lived on the territory of the present town of 1,750 inhabitants, of which about 1,000 Romanians and 750 German. As of the 2002 census lived in Solca 4,456 people, including 4,408 Romanians, 33 German and 12 Roma. 2007 - after the spin-off of the place Poieni - Solca - lived in Solca still 2,644 people.
Solca has no rail connection. There is a regular bus service to Rădăuţi Câmpulung Moldovenesc and Gura Humorului.
- Solca monastery (17th century)
- Brewery (19th Century )
Born in Solca
- Fridolin Zothe (1864-1916), painter and draftsman