South African Institute of Race Relations
The South African Institute of Race Relations ( SAIRR short, Afrikaans Suid - Afrikaanse Instituut vir Rasseverhoudings, German about South African Institute of Race Relations ) is a non-governmental research and documentation center in the field of social sciences and economics in South Africa. Its seat is located in Auden House in Johannesburg.
Purpose of the Institute
The Institute collects and analyzes data and facts about the living conditions of vulnerable groups, promotes awareness on these issues and contributes to the public understanding of these facts. South Africa's future is considered to be a community of the self-understanding of the institution in which there is no " racial and ethnic " differences, however, are different cultural identities as part of the nation.
In the Statute, the self-understanding of the Institute was formulated as follows: " ... to work for peace, goodwill, and practical co -operation in between the various sections and races of the population of South Africa".
According to its own description, the South African Institute of Race Relations is understood as an independent agency. It conducts research, political criticism and risk analysis in and for South Africa. Among the analyzed areas include labor market, issues of land reform, demographics, living conditions, health care, the economy, services and individual companies, security and crime, politics and governance. The research and information services are used by domestic partners, foreign governments and the South African government departments to complete. Selected projects support the parliamentary work and the activities of authorities of various regional levels as well as parties and the media. The Institute used his own words for this private donations.
The South African Institute of Race Relations erected in several South African cities outside bodies, such as in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, East London and Durban.
One for the South African Institute of Race Relations competing institution with significantly more conservative position and burischem self-understanding was the South African Bureau of Racial Affairs.
The institute was founded in 1929 as the first institution in South Africa that will serve the positive interaction of all population groups and leading research into these relationships. The inaugural meeting was held on 9 May as the Johannesburg home of the missionary Reverend Ray E. Phillips in the company of seven other prominent people instead of: Davidson Don Tengo Jabavu (one of the first professors at the University College of Fort Hare ), Johannes Du Plessis, Charles Templeman Loram ( chief inspector of Native education in Natal), Edgar H. Brookes, J. Howard Pim ( a member of several government commissions ), Thomas W. Mackenzie (Editor of The Friend newspaper) and JH Nicholson ( Mayor of Durban ). One of the early contributors continue to count JG van der Horst ( 1930 ), Reinhold Frederick Alfred Hoernle ( 1931 ), Leo Marquard and Byron Lewis.
In its early phase of the 1930s, the Institute was held under the patronage of Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr, the former South African Vice President and Chancellor of the University of Witwatersrand.
Within the apartheid era, the Institute went to the government policy of racial segregation gradually in opposition. There was seen by nationalistic forces as enemies of their actions. From the ranks of opponents of apartheid it was because of his conciliatory attitude under criticism.
In November 1972, the Institute gave historical holdings from his archives to the Library of the University of Witwatersrand. As part of its project-related work in 1984, the Durban African Art Centre in the city of Durban.
At the end connected to this institution persons include, for example, the following individuals: John Kane - Berman ( currently Director of the Institute ), Edgar Brookes, Hermann Giliomee, Alfred Hoernle, Muriel Horrell, Frederik Willem de Klerk, Stoffel van der Merwe, William Barney Ngakane, Alan Paton, Lawrence Schlemmer, Helen Suzman and Jacob Zuma. Many people of this circle be attributed to liberal currents of thought in South Africa.
President of the Institute
The committee of the Institute, the President. These included:
- Charles Templeman Loram, 1929-1933 ( Howard Pim, treasurer / John David Rheinallt Jones, secretary )
- Reinhold Frederick Alfred Hoernle, 1934-1943
- John David Jones Rheinallt, 1950
- Phyllis Ellen Hellman, 1954-1965
- Denis Eugene Hurley, 1965-1966
- Gwendolen Carter, 1966
- E. G. Malherbe, 1967
- Leo Marquard, 1968-1969
- I. D. MacCrone, 1970
- Sheila Terre Blanche van der Horst, 1971
- William Frederick Nkomo, January 1972 - March 1972 ( first African President of the Institute, died in his term of office )
- Duchesne Cowley Grice, 1972-1974
- Bernard Friedman, 1975
- H. W. E. Ntsanwisi, 1976
- René de Villiers, circa 1982
- Mmutlanyane Stanley Mogoba, 1987-1989
- Helen Suzman, 1991-1993
- W. D. (Bill) Wilson, around 1994
- Hermann Giliomee, 1995-1997
- Sipho Seepe to 2008/2009
- Jonathan Jansen, currently officiating
Directors of the Institute
- John David Rheinallt Jones, 1944-1947
- Quintin Whyte, 1947-1970
- Frederick Johannes van Wyk, 1970-1980
- John Rees, 1980-1983
- John Kane - Berman, 1983
- Quarterly Countdown, (1986-1989), later Countdown
- Race relations. official journal of the South African Institute of Race Relations (1933-1950) / partly Rasseverhoudings. offisiele joernaal van Suid - Afrikaanse the Institute vir Rasseverhoudings, (1933-1939), a total to 1935 bi-monthly, irregular, appeared from 1936 quarterly
- Race Relations News ( since 1936 ), renamed in 1991 in Fast Facts, published monthly
- Race Relations Survey ( published since 1948, Volume 1 for the combined Born 1946 /47), later A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa and Race relations survey, one of the most important Yearbooks with data and trends in economic, social and political developments in South Africa. It is one of the standard works of its kind
- South Africa Survey ( since 1996), Yearbook of data and facts about South Africa