Spanish Virgin Islands

Spanish Virgin Islands / Puerto Rican Virgin Islands ( eng.)

The Spanish Virgin Islands, also known as the Puerto Rican Virgin Islands and earlier than Passage Islands, are a group of islands of the Virgin Islands archipelago and as such part of the Lesser Antilles. They consist of the main islands of Culebra and Vieques and a series of small secondary islands.


Because of the membership of Puerto Rico, the islands are also known as Puerto Rican Virgin Islands. Because of its location west of the Virgin Passage (the other island groups of the archipelago, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands are located entirely east of the passage ) were formerly known as the Passage Islands, the Spanish Virgin Islands.


The archipelago consists of the main islands of Vieques and Culebra, as well as several minor smaller islands. Below are the Islands: Icacos Iceland, Cayo Lobo, Cayo Diablo, Palomino Iceland, Iceland Palominito, Isla de Ramos, Isla Pineiro, Cayo Lobo and Cayo de Luis Pena. Together include all islands of the Spanish Virgin Islands an area of ​​165.1 km ².

Together with the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands make up the Spanish Virgin Islands Virgin Islands archipelago.


Live on the islands 11,119 inhabitants. Due to the former belonging to the Spanish colonial empire, Spanish is the dominant language; but English is also commonly used.


The Spanish Virgin Islands are members of the U.S. foreign territory Puerto Rico and are therefore also part of the United States of America.


1898 occupied the United States Puerto Rico during the Spanish - American War and claimed together with this the adjacent Spanish Virgin Islands for themselves.

Since 1917 have all islanders, like the rest of the U.S. foreign territory Puerto Rico, as a consequence of the Jones - Shafroth decree per se, the U.S. citizenship. Since Puerto Rico, the Spanish Virgin Islands are administratively attached, not (part of ) the state (it) is, the islanders have not all rights that are enshrined in the U.S. Constitution, but they have only the fundamental rights.

On 6 November 2012, the population of Puerto Rico voted in a referendum on the status of Puerto Rico for the change of status of Puerto Rico a U.S. state. Thus, Puerto Ricans would be in addition to U.S. citizenship have all constitutional rights and could thus represent a 51st state electors for the U.S. presidential election in future elections to the U.S. president.

  • U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Archipelago (North America)
  • Archipelago ( Caribbean Sea )
  • Dependent territory (United States)
  • Spanish colonial history