Eyespot Umber ( Leiostomus xanthurus )
The eyespot - Umber ( Leiostomus xanthurus ), called in the U.S. spot or croaker, spot, is a small croaker. The eye spot (above the pectoral fin base, the shoulder girdle ) is probably the irritation potential predators. The coloring is the diffuse bluish at Umberfischen to purple shimmering bright silver; about 18 yellow oblique binding fade with increasing size more and more. The scientific name Leiostomus xanthurus means " gelbschwänziger smooth mouths ," which is to be advised of his Bartellosigkeit. He has 25 vertebrae. The spot can reach 35 cm, but most that one catches are much smaller and weigh less than 1/ 2 pounds, because as vortrefflichem, delicate food fish it is much readjusted and he rarely reaches its maximum age. Nevertheless, it should still represent the largest individual- type of Sciaeniden on the U.S. East Coast. How popular it is, shows the " hard spot " of Hampstead, North Carolina, every year in late September.
Fins formula: D1 XIII- XVI, D2 I/30-33, A II/12-15.
It is found on the east coast of Massachusetts to Cuba and throughout the Gulf of Mexico, always near the Küstem at a shallow depth over sand and mud bottom, from which he wins worms, crustaceans and small shells. The mouth is slightly inferior. His preference for brackish estuaries and lagoons is unmistakable, especially in young fish here over the summer, initially plankton eating, develop ( from pelagic eggs, with of frequent spawning in portions). It is fast growing and is only a few years old.
Very similar is the earlier also counted to the genus Leiostomus White croaker ( Genyonemus lineatus ) from the North American west coast.