The spreader is the traditional shipbuilding a wooden structure that caters to both sides next to the mast mounting or deflection points for the shrouds to brace the mast or mast section of its upper point for both ship sides.
Sailing with multiple spars also have several spreaders, which are named after the spars that they support. So to say the lowest, which supports the topmast, " Marssaling ", where the name is derived from the originally conceived for military purposes masthead at the top of the mast of warships in the 13th to 16th century. The next saling, which is used for bracing the topgallant, the " Bramsaling ". In the case of its own Royalstenge for the Royal Sailing it is called " Royalsaling ".
In practical usage, the term Saling was often omitted, and only the name of the corresponding topmast used as a designation of the spreader. A more precise distinction If necessary, the name of each mast " Great Mars" was the name of the topmast prefixed in the form of " fore-top ", " Fockbram ", " Großbram " etc.
On large sailing ships the broader Saling offered an accessible platform for crew members, on yachts, the spreader is reduced to a strut, depending on the rig from wood, metal or fiber composite material.
More spars to enlarge the support bracket from shrouds and backstays are spreading and boom, always named after the rope which they spread, how the Jumpstagspreize that in some tall ships on the jib-boom side-mounted Klüvergeien or Klüverpardunenausleger that the bow on both sides near the anchor jib mounted jib- Back Day in Leger or the tamping stick, which straddles the Stampfstag below the bowsprit. When sailors in the transitional period of the late 18th and early 19th century sometimes existing Blindenrahen were lashed under the jib-boom and used as a side arm of the jib days.