Stammheim Prison

The prison is located in Stuttgart Stammheim district, the northernmost district of the state capital of Baden -Württemberg. It is the second largest of the 17 correctional facilities with 27 field offices in Baden- Württemberg.


The prison was built in 1960 to 1963, according to the then latest knowledge in security prison with two houses and taken into operation in 1964. 2005, a further detention house was affiliated prefabricated, which can accommodate 128 inmates. Since early 2006, the entire input range is rebuilt, the topping out ceremony of the new Torwachengebäudes was celebrated on 1 August 2007. Former Justice Minister Ulrich Goll (FDP) was considering a demolition of the old and in need of renovation skyscraper (building I). This will be announced in 2015, construction of a new building to begin in February 2012. Future, the relocation of the nearby prison hospital Hohenasperg of Poole, Dorset is planned here. In December 2006, the first time a woman was hospital director of a men's prison in Baden- Württemberg.


The prison Stuttgart matter and local jurisdiction for men in closed prisons with imprisonment up to one year and three months, a sentence of more than one year and three months detention and criminal arrest.

Facts and Figures

The Institute consists of three detention houses, the so-called Building 1 (the largest prison building), the building and the new construction 2 3 The fenced and provided with a wall area of ​​the Institute comprises 49,600 m². 867 prisoners were incarcerated, on average, in 2006 in Stuttgart. In a normal assignment, the institution record 877 prisoners. The approximately 600 detention cells are divided into single cells or cells Community, with the Community cells are occupied by two to four prisoners. The Vollzugliche labor issues, has about 250 detainees on several farms and has a production area of ​​950 m².

Training and leisure activities

In the JVA two teachers are employed that offer academic courses for inmates. As in the JVA mainly remand prisoners are housed, no degrees are offered. For the prisoners, many recreational groups are offered for the detainees must be registered with an application. Many discussion groups, Bible classes, chess and Skatgruppen but also weight training and soccer are offered. In 2006, the mitbetreute by singer Jennifer Engels was " StammheimerAccousticProject " created to give musicians the opportunity imprisoned, even while in detention to make music and get the match practice. Also in irregular intervals concerts or theater performances. Detainees also represents a prison library available. The detainees have to do several times a week the opportunity Umschluss, where inmates can visit their fellow prisoners to their cell.

Initiative skirt in jail

In early 2008, the initiative was launched in rock prison to life in order to " inside and outside at " creating a bridge between. The aim is to give bands and musicians the opportunity to perform in correctional facilities and to create a network between the artists and the correctional facilities nationwide. Since early 2009, there is a homepage, where you get in touch with the initiative and may also participate in person. Furthermore, you will find concert dates in the JVA'en, pictures of performances in JVA'en, press comments and more.

JBiz Initiative - Success in the Future

Since August 2012, a course for incarcerated youth is offered in which they learn the basics of business administration.

The JVA as part of the RAF's processes

In the general public, the JVA is known primarily for the detention of leading members of the Red Army Faction. Especially for the trials of RAF members a multi-purpose building in 1975 next to the site of the prison was built. For fear of any exemption tests with helicopters, this hall was - like the prison yard - large area spanned with steel nets. The construction costs for the extension at the time amounted to twelve million DM

After completion of the extensions up to nine RAF members were temporarily merged on the seventh floor of the JVA. The prisoners had daily opportunity to Umschluss, the prisoner has the option, at its detention space included to another prisoner ( embraced ) to be. Contrary to the usual rules otherwise men and women were combined. The prisoners were allowed to turntables, some also operate televisions and received hundreds of magazines and books.

In German the fall of 1977 was an official prohibition of contact, which was made ​​possible by the specially subsequently resolved contact ban law for a few weeks. In this phase, the prisoners were isolated. It was then claimed by prisoners and lawyers, in the prison would " isolation torture " device. Later it became known that Jan Carl Raspe had tinkered over the net of the former Institute of Radio JVA an intercom over which the prisoners could talk unnoticed during the contact barrier.

Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan -Carl Raspe: After Ulrike Meinhof was found hanged on 9 May 1976 1977 three other members of the RAF died in the so-called death night of master home on October 18. The fourth member of the group imprisoned, Irmgard Möller survived with multiple stab wounds in the chest area.

Multi-purpose building of the Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart

The multi-purpose building (MFD ) of the Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart on the grounds of the JVA Stuttgart is used to this day for large processes and dangerous offenders. So were here after the RAF processes, Islamists, PKK activists and Black Jackets in court. Therefore, the building can still not as originally planned as a sports hall or workshop of the JVA Stuttgart are used.

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