Stanford Moore ( born September 4, 1913 in Chicago, † August 23 1982 in New York City ) was an American biochemist. He received the 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active center of the ribonuclease molecule.
Stanford Moore studied chemistry at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, and then went to the University of Wisconsin- Madison, where he received his doctorate in 1938. He then accepted a position as professor of biochemistry to New York, where he worked with William Howard Stein.
William H. Stein and Stanford Moore succeeded with ribonuclease for the first time, completely elucidate the primary structure of an enzyme molecule, they used a developed of them amino acid analyzer. This device made it possible to resolve proteins that are composed of a larger number of individual amino acids. The way to understanding this enzyme was facilitated by the elucidation of the structure and laid the foundation for the study of other enzymes.