State Forestry Corps (Italy)

The Corpo Forestale dello Stato (CFS; German 'State Forestry Corps "or" state forest guard "," forest police " ) is an Italian police authority, which reports to the Ministry of Agriculture in Rome. The autonomous regions of Italy have their own forest authorities (eg, the State Forestry Corps and the National Forest Service in South Tyrol). There, the CFS is not active. The nationwide emergency number for reporting of forest fires (Italian incendio, fuoco ) is 1515th


The CFS ( also abbreviated as Forestale called ) monitors compliance with the conservation and environmental protection laws, particularly in forestry and nature conservation areas and on inland waters. It also looks after national parks and other protected areas. Poachers are pursued in collaboration with other agencies and private organizations throughout the country, species protection offenses. Well at national borders In addition to the general animal welfare is consumer protection important. The CFS has particularly important roles in the prevention and control of forest fires, which should be reported via the emergency number 1515 immediately. About this emergency number can also be requested to accidents in forestry and nature conservation areas (alternatively Carabinieri, emergency 112, or mountain rescue and ambulance, emergency call 118). The CFS is an important pillar of the Italian Civil Protection. It has 21 own helicopter and request if required by the Civil Protection ( Dipartimento della Protezione Civile ) firefighting aircraft Canadair CL -415. In cooperation with the mountain troops Command of the Army and the Air Force Weather Service of the CFS is in the Alps and the Apennines avalanches and bad weather warnings out ( servizio meteo mont ). The CFS also provides units for the national Mountain Rescue ( emergency 118) ready.

When environmental and consumer protection, in addition to the CFS also special units from other police forces active ( for example, NOE and NAS Carabinieri ). Tasks in the field of hunting and protection in the fight against poaching take over at the provincial level, the small provincial police forces, if they are set up there, as well as nationally recognized gamekeepers, which, however, have no police powers in Italy.

The officials of the CFS and the appropriate authorities of the autonomous regions are not to be confused with the forest scientists, forest engineers and forest workers occupying the forest administrations or forestry enterprises of regions or other local authorities within their forestry responsibilities. Particularly in the South Forest workers are seasonal ( including for the purposes of job creation ) is set on a large scale, including reforestation.


State Organization

The Directorate General of CFS are under 15 regional commands, which lead on coordinating bodies at the provincial level about 1,000 forestry stations with a total of 8,500 officials in 15 of the 20 Italian regions. In various regions, the CFS has advanced observation post for the early detection of forest fires. The CFS maintains all regional commands coordination centers for forest fire fighting ( CORAIB ) and is represented in all of the civil defense coordination centers, especially in the "Common air coordination center " in Rome (Centro Aereo Operativo Unificato - COAU ).

Among the special units include special criminal investigation groups that act against, among others arsonists, garbage, illegal waste disposal, cruelty to animals and poachers.

The CFS maintains Cittaducale and in Sabaudia ( Lazio ), two major educational institutions. There are also some smaller, some specialized training centers in different regions of the country.

Autonomous organizations

The forest police authorities of the autonomous regions are largely structured on the model of CFS. In some cases, they also take on technical, custodial or advisory functions and management measures. The forest police in the Aosta Valley has about 150 officers and 16 stations in Trentino there are around 250 officials and 40 stations in South Tyrol there are nearly 300 officials and 40 stations in Friuli, there are also around 300 employees and 32 stations. The " Forest and Environmental Protection Corps " ( Corpo Forestale e di Vigilanza Ambientale ) Sardinia consists of seven regional offices, 80 stations, nine coastal bases and a total of 1,400 officers. A somewhat larger scale also has the Corpo Forestale Sicily.

Sports funding organization

In the 1950s, on the initiative of cross-country skiers, who belonged to the CFS, the Centro Sportivo Corpo Forestale dello Stato, which bears the name of Gruppo Sportivo Forestale since 2007. Its members have 51 medals at Olympic Games and won 233 world championships.


In the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia was created by a royal decree of October 15, 1822 for the first time an organized State Forestry Administration, which had also forestry police duties. After the unification of Italy in 1861, several former forest management organizations continued to exist. However, these were gradually adjusted after the Piedmontese system and then integrated into this. In 1869 they founded the abbey at the time repealed the Vallombrosan Reggello in Tuscany a National Forest Academy ( Regio Istituto di Vallombrosa Forestale ), which later became the Agricultural Faculty of the University of Florence emerged. A law of June 20, 1877 created a uniform legal and organizational framework in forestry. With another Act of June 2, 1910, they founded the Corpo Reale delle Foreste (Eng. "Royal Corps of Foresters "), which gave all the administrative tasks of the Forest Service. The CRF had about 3,400 members at this time.

Under the fascist regime we militarized the CRF and renamed it Milizia Nazionale Forestale. In this form it was also used for reforestation. After the deposition of Mussolini in 1943, the organization received back their old status and also its old name Corpo Reale delle Foreste. In 1946, when the monarchy was abolished by a popular vote, it introduced the current name Corpo Forestale dello Stato.

In the years after the newly introduced Italian regions received several responsibilities in the field of forest management and forestry. The CFS court then made its organizational structure to the regional level, while the five autonomous regions of Italy, the tasks of the CFS completely took over and own forest police authorities established. In recent years it has repeatedly suggested that the CFS completely dissolve and transfer its functions to the remaining 15 regions. Against this step, the CFS and its lobby groups has repeatedly successfully set to defend. It pointed to the additional costs that would result from this reform with it.

Uniform and Ranks

The ranks of the officers of the CFS and their names largely correspond to those of the Polizia di Stato.

The gray uniform of CFS is still called the grigioverde or " gray-green ". It is the color of Army uniforms from 1915 and 1934 Essentially resembles the uniform of the service used until 2011 when the Guardia di Finanza, with the following exceptions. :

  • Green piping on the epaulettes;
  • Beret badge in the form of a flying eagle, in somewhat enlarged form at all other headgear;
  • Green collar tabs with the name of the Republic (instead of the combatants activity reserved for star);
  • Insignia as in the Polizia di Stato, in the colors of CFS.

For a field uniform cap (called Pasubio and about a Bergmütze accordingly) in Käppiform worn instead of the beret often. The riding forestali wear breeches with green leg stripes; to the parade uniform of the conical shako of 1861, with the tuft of horse artillery.