Stilbaceae is a plant family in the order of Lippenblütlerartigen ( Lamiales ).
In most species are shrubs to dwarf shrubs, some species are herbaceous plants. Some species seen in the habit typical ericaceous very similar ( ericoider growth). The branches are usually densely leafy whorls. The simple leaves are leathery and hairy.
The flowers are in capitate inflorescences or aged men at the ends of branches. The hermaphrodite flowers are zygomorphic and most fünfzählig double perianth. The usually five sepals are fused Roehrig or bell-shaped and green. The four or five petals are a corolla tube ( they can tube amps to be funnel-shaped ) fused; they may end zweilippig or all corolla lobes are of equal length and shaped. It's just a circle of four or five stamens present. The stamens can be of equal length and shaped or uneven. Usually two carpels are fused into a superior ovaries. Pollination is by insects ( entomophily ).
The seed capsules often remain closed at maturity ( act like beer ) or they open.
The Stilbaceae family has a spread in Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands and the Arabian Peninsula, with an emphasis of biodiversity in the Capensis. It thus has a purely paläotropische distribution. For example you are part of the ericoiden fynbos.
The Stilbaceae family in 1831 set up by Carl Sigismund Kunth in the manual of botany ..., p 393. The genera were formerly in the family Verbenaceae, Retziaceae Choisy and the Scrophulariaceae Juss. nom. cons. Tribus Bowkerieae incorporated.
In the family Stilbaceae there are seven to eleven genera with about 39 species:
- Anastrabe E.Mey. ex Benth. contains only one type: Anastrabe integerrima E.Mey. ex Benth. before you comes from Mozambique to South Africa.
- Campylostachys cernua ( L. f ) Kunth: It occurs only in the South African province of Western Cape.
- Charadrophila capensis Marloth: It occurs only in the South African province of Western Cape.
- Euthystachys abbreviata ( E.Mey. ) A.DC.: It occurs only in the South African province of Western Cape.
- Ixianthes retzioides Benth. It occurs only in the South African province of Western Cape.
- Capensis Thunb Retzia. It occurs only in the South African province of Western Cape.
- Thesmophora scopulosa Rourke: This endemic species occurs only on the Berspitzen on Michell 's Pass near Ceres in the Western Cape province of South Africa before.
- The Stilbaceae family in APWebsite. (Sections systematics and description)
- The Stilbaceae family at DELTA. ( Description section )