The Stirling Range National Park (English Stirling Range National Park ) is a 1159 km ² large park in the south west of Western Australia, Australia.
The park is located about 90 km north of Albany and 340 km south-east of Perth. Here rise two mountain ranges from the great southern agricultural countryside of western Australia: the smaller, further south Porongurup Range with the eponymous national park and the much larger Stirling Range in the north, reaches the heights of over 1,000 m. At a length of 65 km, the rugged mountain range in east-west direction extends. With 1,095 m of Bluff Knoll is the highest peak in the park, and thus also in the south of Western Australia. He is one of the few place in Western Australia, where sometimes snow falls.
The rocks of this area created by sand and clay deposits in a river delta. Over millions of years, these layers were thicker and heavier, so that together with the forces in the earth's crust, the whole area has dropped. This meant that, on the surface, in turn, deposit more sediment, and the layer continued to increase in thickness. It is believed that the sediments have reached a total thickness of 1.6 km during this process. The water was squeezed by the high pressure and temperature in the deeper layers and solidified into sandstone and shale.
Later, this formation is raised in the course of millions of years. Thus, the rock weathering and erosion have been suspended. Through this constant influence of wind, water and gravity was created together with chemical conversion, the present form of the Stirling Range.
The tribes of the Aborigines of Mineng, Nyoongar and Goreng originally lived in the Stirling Range and its surroundings. Bluff Knoll of them bular Mial ( Engl. many eyes ) or Bala Mial ( Engl. his eyes ) because the rock formations reminiscent of the eyes of the ancestral spirits.
The mountain was first described by Matthew Flinders in 1802. 1831 mentioned the doctor Alexander Collie, the term Aboriginal Koi Kyeunu - ruff, in his notes. Was named the Stirling Range, as General John Septimus Roe with Governor Sir James Stirling in 1835 traveled to Perth and some remarkable and elevated peaks ( Engl. some remarkable and sublime summit) was born. Roe called the Stirling Range. As early as 1913 the area was declared a national park.
The Stirling Range National Park is one of world's most important areas for the diversity of plant species. More than 1,500 plant species are native to the National Park, which is more than occur for example in the British Isles. 87 plant species are endemic, including the two Darwinia species Wittwer 's Mountain Bell ( Darwinia wittwerorum ), this species is considered " Endangered " = " critically endangered " and Success Bell or Red Mountain Bell ( Darwinia nubigena ), this species is considered " Vulnerable "= " at risk ". Also, 123 different species of orchids are native to the National Park, 38 percent of all known in Western Australia orchids. Because of the altitude and proximity to the coast, the climate of the mountain range from its environment is different. This is the main reason for the diversity of wild plants.