Stroke-ornamented ware culture
The Stroked Pottery is an archaeological culture of the Neolithic in Central Europe. It follows on the culture of the Linear Pottery Culture and dated between 4900-4500 BC This corresponds to the levels of Jens Lüning the Middle Neolithic, and other regional divisions (Central Germany, Poland ), however, even the early Neolithic.
As the culture of the Linear Pottery Culture is the culture of the Stroked Pottery Culture named after the decoration technique on ceramics: The individual motifs, angular bands and vertical and horizontal lines that are composed by means of a multi-prong device from many punctures.
With the end of the Linear Pottery is a trend for an increased formation of regional groups is tangible. The culture of the Stroked Pottery is common in Bavaria, Saxony, Saxony -Anhalt, Thuringia, Bohemia, Moravia and Austria. Approximately west of the Lech and the Main river followed by other Middle Neolithic cultures on the Linear Pottery: the menhir culture that Großgart Acher culture and Rössen culture.
During the early Linear Pottery was relatively uniform approach to ceramics, construction and tool inventory, the Stroked Pottery is highly regionalized. In the course of its development it splits into other regional groups: Thus one finds in Bavaria, the group Oberlauterbach, while east of it the Czech Stroked Pottery is spread and how the Polish Stroked Pottery shows a clear influence of the Lengyel culture.
The ceramic inventory of the Stroked Pottery to find bottles, Kümpfe, bowls, trays and bag-like vessels. They are often covered with the characteristic stitch ornament. In addition, plastic ornaments sometimes found in the form of knobs, plastic eyelets and ribbons. Especially characteristic are drawn up handling, which are called horns Henkel. Also anthropomorphic sculptures are detected sporadically, for example, a settlement near Untermixnitz, community Weitersfeld.
In contrast to the straight nave of the Linear Pottery Culture, the houses in the Stroked Pottery slightly bulged longitudinal sides or, particularly in Poland, a trapezoidal plan, but still achieve considerable lengths (up to 40 m). The houses are post houses, the roof burden falls mainly on the walls. The walls were made of wattle -and-daub between the support posts that are often placed twice.