STS -65 (English Space Transportation System) is a mission name for the U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia ( OV -102) from NASA. The launch took place on July 8, 1994. It was the 63rd Space Shuttle mission and the 17th flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia.


  • Robert Cabana ( third space flight), Commander
  • James Halsell ( first space flight), Pilot
  • Richard bat (3rd space flight), Mission Specialist
  • Carl Walz ( second space flight), Mission Specialist
  • Leroy Chiao ( first space flight), Mission Specialist
  • Donald Thomas ( first space flight), Mission Specialist
  • Chiaki Mukai ( first space flight ), Payload Specialist ( JAXA / Japan)


  • Jean -Jacques Favier ( CNES / France) for Mukai

Mission overview

This mission was once again the on board Spacelab. It describes different experiments for the study of microgravity on metal melting and living organisms. On the German side there was to the experimental facilities Tempus ( Non-contact furnace ) and NIZEMI ( low-speed centrifuge microscope) which served in a wide variety of organisms ( cress seeds, slime molds, paramecium ) to determine the point, respond to which these organisms to gravity. There was also a measuring system to measure even the smallest gravitational fluctuations and an aquarium with fish. The results were less spectacular than it was at D -2 ( STS -55), but scientific certainly considered as successful.