STS -83 (English Space Transportation System) is a mission name for the U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia ( OV -102) from NASA. The launch took place on 4 April 1997. It was the 83rd Space Shuttle mission and the 22nd flight of the Columbia.
- James Halsell ( third space flight), Commander
- Susan Still Kilrain - ( 1 Space ), pilot
- Janice Voss ( third space flight ), Mission Specialist
- Donald Thomas ( third space flight), Mission Specialist
- Michael Gernhardt ( second space flight), Mission Specialist
- Roger Crouch ( first space flight), Payload Specialist, NASA Microgravity Space and Applications Division
- Gregory Linteris ( first space flight), Payload Specialist, National Institute of Standards and Technology
This Department holds the record for the shortest time span between two missions (83 days between STS- 83 and STS -94 ).
- Catherine Coleman for Thomas, who had broken his ankle two months before the start, but recovered quickly enough to join the flight can
- Paul Ronney for Crouch and Linteris
The mission was originally supposed to take 15 days and 16 hours, but had to be cut, as in a fuel cell of Columbia a problem occurred. Therefore, the orbiter ended after three days and 23 hours on the earth again. NASA decided to fly the mission as STS -94 three months later.
STS -83 carried as payload with the so-called Microgravity Science Laboratory ( MSL). It was a series of microgravity experiments, which were carried out in the European Spacelab module. The mission was based on findings of previous Spacelab missions. The flight plan called for 19 experiments in the fields of material and were mainly combustion research.
The pilot Susan Still took on this mission the pilots nobility of Kara Hultgren into space, who wanted to be an astronaut and also was killed in an accident in October 1994, on approach to the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln with their F-14 Tomcat.