Student activism

A student movement is a political movement of mainly student participants, which originates from universities. They often stands in direct relation to individual measures of the government, but can accept the ruling system and the form of a general intellectually and socially motivated extra-parliamentary opposition.

Means of protest were and are demonstrations, blockades, symbolic actions, strikes, pamphlets and speeches, but also performance or communication guerrillas. However, it can also lead to violence against property and persons, and bullying against university staff; in this case one speaks also of student unrest or student revolts.

To the extent that student resistance is directed exclusively against the development of the education policy (eg the introduction of tuition fees in Germany ), is spoken predominantly by the student protest.

Important student movements

19th century

  • In the pre-March period in Germany: first student fraternity (1815 ), Wartburg Festival (1817 ), Hambach Festival (1832 ), Frankfurt guard tower ( 1833), The Hessian Courier (1834 ) by Georg Büchner
  • In the July Revolution of 1830 in France
  • Towards the end of the 19th century in Bohemia ( Omladina )

20th century

  • In the 1960s in Western democracies:
  • General: 68 movement USA: Free Speech Movement, Students for a Democratic Society, Civil Rights Movement (Civil Rights Movement ) and the movement of the Vietnam War opponents
  • Germany: West German student movement of the 1960s and extra-parliamentary opposition, see Rudi Dutschke and Ohnesorg
  • France: May 68
  • Japan: Gakuren, federal, Zengakuren, Nichigakudō, Zenkoku Gakkyō
  • From 1989 in the states of the former Soviet bloc: Chinese student movement (1989 )
  • Otpor in Serbia

21st Century

  • Kmara in Georgia
  • Pora! in Ukraine
  • Kelkel in Kyrgyzstan
  • Subr in Belarus