Study Groups are public educational institutions that exist in the old federal states of the Federal Republic of Germany (except Bremen) in general. ( In NRW, all connected to two church -supported. ) There are applicants with a foreign university entrance qualification, which is not recognized as equivalent to the German Abitur, prepared for a scientific study at a German university.
In general, the students / fellows of the college study enrolled students of the college in the city, in which the appropriate preparatory course is shown. Whether a preparatory course must be attended or whether the foreign student has direct access to higher education, usually decides the Zeugnisanerkennungsstelle (or similar entity) of the selected college. The visit of the preparatory course is basically free. It has to be paid only the fee for the Student Union of each university. Some Studienkollegs also a voluntary (mostly free ) preparatory course for international students is offered with direct access to higher education. Here foreign students are prepared in a one-semester preparatory studies on the scientific work at universities.
The students / fellows are prepared in a two-semester course subject-specific university studies. Usually 4 or 5 types of courses are offered: G- course for humanities courses, W course for economics degree programs, M rate for medical courses, T course for technical studies and S Course for philology. In all courses German is obligatory school subject and language of instruction in school subjects ( eg history in the G- Course, Business Administration and Economics at the W - course, biology or chemistry or biochemistry in the M- course, mathematics in the T- price and English in the S course). In addition, the students / fellows skills and abilities, so-called key qualifications, which may be helpful in addressing the core studies to learn. These include working with text sources, writing argumentative and be analyzed texts and writing simple papers, presenting results of work and the structured note-taking in lectures. At the preparatory course Munich foreign students / PhD students also have the opportunity to acquire the Latinum in two semesters.
In the preparatory course no German lessons for beginners will be offered. The students / fellows must at the time of entry into the study, the College already have good knowledge of German ( level 1 B to B 2, see Common European Framework ) feature. Also good math skills are required for the T- classes. Some Studienkollegs also in English for W -, S-, T-, M - and G- courses are required. In most cases, the corresponding input conditions in the form of entrance test to be checked, for which special private institutions offer preparatory courses.
The students / fellows place after two semesters of study at the entrance examination, is determined by the that the students / fellows have in the study-related school subjects have knowledge on high school level. In the specialist German students / fellows must demonstrate the type of course proficiency to the level B 2 C 1. With the passing assessment test, the students / fellows apply to the their preferred university. Depending on the country of origin and trade, there are special quotas for foreign students at universities, EU foreigners are treated as German applicants normally. The assessment test can be stored under special conditions and external candidates. In order to pass the exam as an external candidate, but an early consultation in the preparatory course and an intensive preparation is needed.