Suceava [ sut ͜ ʃe̯ava ] (Polish and German Suczawa [ sut ͜ ʃava ], ungar Szucsáva [ sut ͜ ʃa vɒ ː ], Ukrain. Сучава and Russian / Sutschawa ) is the capital of the district of Suceava in Romania.

Location and transport

In the north- eastern Romania, is the town of Suceava in the southern half of Bukovina, northwest of the historical region of Moldavia. River of the same is the city at a junction of several railway lines such as Suceava - Gura Humorului, Chernivtsi and Suceava Suceava - novel, as well as in the European roads E 58 and E 85 Near the town is the Stefan cel Mare Airport.

Today's city

Suceava is the center of today's Romanian Bukovina. It's home to a university, among other things, founded in 1990, several museums and an airport. In the industries, among others, the sectors of mechanical engineering, wood and paper are represented.

The cityscape is characterized among other things by the castle of Moldova Prince (15th century), the Mirăuţi Church ( former coronation church, the core around 1400), a church of St. George Monastery (1514 /22; with murals in 1527 /34), the Demetrius Church ( 1534/35, Bell Tower 1561) and the Monastery Zamca the Armenian colony ( 1551 Church in Moldovan tradition). Besides the fortress, situated next to the museum is Bucovinean the Bukovina village.

A modern landmark of the city is a colored 265 -meter-high chimney. He was originally supposed to be part of a power plant and is now part of a shopping center.


Dimitrie Cantemir leads in his " Descriptio Moldavie " the name origin of the Hungarian back: Szűcsvár, meaning " castle / city of the furriers '. He referred probably to the 50 -year-old work of another Moldoauer chronicler Grigore Ureche. This said in his unfinished work " Letopisetul Tarai Moldovei, de cand s -au descălecat Tara şi de cursul anilor şi de viiaţa domnilor CAREA scrie de la Dragoş Voda până la Aron Voda " ( Chronicle of Moldova, from the development of the country over the period of Prince Dragos to the prince of Aaron ) founded the city of Suceava Hungarian Skinning and gave the Magyar name with Szűcsség resist. Szűcs ( furrier ) was therefore derived to Romanian Suci and provided with the Bulgarian- Romanian suffix- EAVA, which corresponds to the Hungarian suffix- seg. Ins German freely translated this would correspond to " furrier home ".


Suceava was first mentioned already before the 14th century. From 1375 to 1565 it was the capital of the Principality of Moldavia, from 1401 the seat of the metropolitans of the Principality. 1774/1775-1918 belonged to the city, as part of Bukovina, the Habsburg monarchy and Austria-Hungary from 1867, since November 1918 then to Romania.

About his hometown Staufe wrote a poem entitled " Sutschawa ".

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Petro Mohyla (1596-1647), Orthodox saint
  • Ludwig Adolf Staufe - Simiginowicz (1832-1897), a teacher, the first German poet Bukovina
  • Daghani Arnold (1909-1985), painter
  • Norman Manea ( b. 1936 ), Romanian - American writer
  • Vladimir Gaitan ( b. 1947 ), Romanian actor
  • Ilie Matei ( born 1960 ), Romanian Ringer
  • George Ostafi ( b. 1961 ), Romanian German painter
  • Marius Babias (* 1962), art critic
  • Liliana Gafencu ( b. 1975 ), Romanian rower
  • Dorin Goian ( born 1980 ), the Romanian football player
  • Lucian Goian ( b. 1983 ), the Romanian football player
  • Alina Vacariu ( born 1984 ), Romanian Model


City view in winter

Church of Saint Dumitru ( Demetriuskirche )

Suceava, Monastery Church ( woodcut by Rudolf Bernt, 1899)

Suceava, Armenian Church of St. Simeon ( woodcut by Robert soot, 1899)

, Situated next Bucovinean