Sukhothai ( Thai: สุโขทัย, about: Dawn of Happiness ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Sukhothai Sukhothai.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
- 3.1 Airports
- 3.2 Railway
The province is located in the valley of Maenam Yom ( Yom River ) and is characterized by flat planes on which rice is grown and the hills to the northwest, which merges into the foothills of the northern mountains.
In the south of the province, the Ramkhamhaeng National Park. The historical excavation site of the sister city of Si Satchanalai is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Si Satchanalai
- Si Samrong
- Maenam Yom
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 41.6 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 11.4 ° C. At 126 days of rain fell in the same year 1,176.0 mm of rainfall.
Economic importance and
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2008 amounted to 34 040 million baht. The minimum wage in the province is 165 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 1,411,161 rai ( 882.0 km ²), 34.2 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 2,185,175 Rai ( 1365.7 km ²), 53.0 % of the total
- Not classified area: 526 221 rai ( 328.9 km ²), 12.8 % of the total
- Sukhothai Airport ( THS )
- Station Sawankhalok branch line north Bangkok - Chiang Mai
The area has been inhabited for several thousand years, as shown by archaeological excavations. Into the limelight of history Sukhothai occurs as a garrison of the Khmer in the 12th century, who had set up here an important frontier post against Burmese peoples. This garrison was surrounded by fragmented Tai peoples and was overrun in 1238 and established as the first capital of a kingdom on the present ground of Thailand, see detailed Sukhothai ( UK ). In the sister city of Si Satchanalai prevailed at that time a viceroy ( Uparat ). ( Thai )
Relations with the Chinese Empire were expanded under King Ramkhamhaeng the Great, who invented and used the still common Thai script in Sukhothai.
The Kingdom of Sukhothai was later in the 15th century in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya.
See also: History of Thailand
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province shows the king Ramkhamhaeng sitting on the Managkhasila Asana throne. ( The throne can be seen today in the museum of Wat Phra Kaeo in Bangkok. ) Under this king the kingdom of Sukhothai flourished so right on.
The local tree is Afzelia xylocarpa. The local flower is the Lotus ( Nymphaea lotus ).
The motto of the province of Sukhothai is:
The province is divided into 9 districts ( Amphoe ). These are further divided into 86 communes ( tambon) and 782 villages ( Muban ) divided.
In the province there are two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Sawankhalok ( เทศบาล เมือง สวรรคโลก ) and Sukhothai Thani ( เทศบาล เมือง สุโขทัย ธานี ). In addition, there are 13 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).
- Sukhothai Historical Park and Si Satchanalai Historical Park - a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
- National Parks: Ramkhamhaeng National Park
- National Park Si Satchanalai