The Alpha Ethniki (Greek Εθνική A ) is the highest football league in Greece. Since the season 2006/ 07 she is officially called Super League Ellada (Greek Super League Ελλάδα or Σούπερ Λίγκα ).
Currently play 18 teams in the league. At the end of the season, the three last-place teams get into the second Greek League, which replaced the Football League ( until 2010 Beta Ethniki ), from and through the three best second division.
For the European Cup competitions in the 2010/11 season, the following regulations apply: The Greek champions is directly qualified for the group stage of the Champions League. The winner of the playoffs (see below) will go into the third and final qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. The Greek Cup winner and the second placed team from the playoffs are qualified for the third qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League. The third-placed team in the national playoffs goes into the second qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League.
- 2.1 After the season
- 2.2 By club
- 2.3 record champions
The first years - SEGAS ( ΣΕΓΑΣ )
The football first appeared in 1894 on in Greece. After the first Olympic Games of the modern era ( 1896), many Greek clubs founded the first football departments. Until 1922, the SEGAS (Greek ΣΕΓΑΣ ), the Association of Greek sports bodies responsible for the Greek football. It first attempts were made to carry a pan- Greek championship. Success should it for the first time in 1906, however, only three clubs took part. Ethnikos Athinon, Panelinios and Piräikos. The championship was played annually from now on teams from Attica.
The second attempt - EPSE ( ΕΠΣΕ )
The last Championship was held in 1912. It was followed by the turmoil of the First Balkan and the First World War. In the season 1922/23, a new attempt was made. It was (Greek ΕΠΣΕ ), founded a new association, the Association of Football bodies EPSE. For the first time should also participate in teams of Thessaloniki. Large organizational ( non-existing infrastructure) and financial ( the players could it simply can not afford to be absent for several days ), however, difficulties prevented the regular host. There was a play-off between the clubs Piräikos Syndesmos and Aris Thessaloniki place ( Piräikos won 3-1 ). The newly founded association was dissolved in the same year.
Today's championship - EPO ( ΕΠΟ )
On November 14, 1926, the present-day Greek Football Federation (EPO Greek ΕΠΟ ), was founded. The first championship was held in the 1927/28 season. The three big clubs ( Olympiakos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens ) stayed away because of differences with the Football Association of the first championship. Initially only played teams from Athens, Thessaloniki and Piraeus, the Greek championship among themselves, followed in the season 1953/54, the first team from the "province": Panachaiki ( Achaia ) and Niki Volou (Thessaly ) played for the championship with.
In the 1959/60 season will be the first Greek league, the Alpha Ethniki (Greek AΕθνική ) created. In the 1979/80 season, the first professional championship will be held.
- From 1928 to 1959 Amateur League, Panhellinion
- From 1960 to 1979 Amateur League, A ' Ethniki
- From 1980 to 2006 professional league, A ' Ethniki
- Since 2006, Super League
After the season
The teams that find themselves at the end of the current Super League season on positions two to five, playing in the so-called " play-offs ", a mini - elimination tournament to the European launch sites. The other three participants ( 2, 3 and 4 ) with one -fifth of the points projection of the Fifth comes with zero points in the playoff round, the 5th place in the end of season table; Fractional numbers are to the nearest natural number rounded up or down. The winner of the playoffs is safe to participate in the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. The runner-up will qualify for the third qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League, third place start in qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League Two.
UEFA five year ranking
Position in the UEFA five year ranking (in brackets the previous year placement). The abbreviation CL and EL countries behind the coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2014/15 season of the Champions League and the Europa League.
As of the end of the European campaign of 2012/13