Surya Bahadur Thapa

Surya Bahadur Thapa ( born March 21, 1928 Village Muga, Dhankuta District, Koshi Zone, East ( Purva ) ) is a Nepalese politician.


Thapa began his political career in 1958 when he was elected a member of the National Assembly and Chairman of the Advisory Council ( Advisory Council). In 1959 he was elected member of the House of Lords. In 1960 he was appointed Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and industry in the first government of Prime Minister Tulsi Giri. In a cabinet reshuffle occurred in 1962, he was appointed Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs. On 23 December 1963 he was appointed as successor Giris even the first time a prime minister in office until February 26, 1964 Government.

Thapa was again on January 26, 1965 Giris successor as prime minister. In this role, he dismissed in 1967 former Prime Minister Koirala Bishweshwar Prasad, who was in custody since his release in 1960. After more than four years in office, he was succeeded at Kirti Nidhi Bista April 7, 1969 as Prime Minister. In October 1972, he was even arrested after he called for democratic reform in a 13-point resolution, and subsequently sentenced to a term of imprisonment of two years.

When he became prime minister for the third time on 30 May 1979, he issued an amnesty for all the exiled politicians. Between 1981 and 1982 he was also the Foreign Minister. Again, after more than four years of reign he was replaced on 12 July 1983 as Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand by.

In 1990, when a multiparty system was made possible, he founded the National Democratic Party ( Rashtriya Prajatantra Party ) and was its president, while the Royalist LB Chand Leader of the RPP was. However, this division of responsibility soon led to a deep break and a violent power struggle within the party. 1994 Thapa was elected at a by-election even for the Members of the House of Representatives. On 12 September 1995, the RPP has actively supported the Nepali Congress Party (NCP ) in the formation of a coalition government with Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister.

In October 1997, he threw Chand before a pawn in the hands of the Communist Party to be of Nepal - United Marxist-Leninist ( CPN - VML ) and left with 13 other members of the RPP coalition government until March 12, 1997, formed by Chand, which, however, was dominated by the CPN - VML. Then Thapa was born on 7 October 1997 itself for the fourth time and was Prime Minister from an existing RPP, Nepal Sadbhavana Party and NCP (NSP ) coalition before. After six months in office he was followed on 15 April 1998 Girija Prasad Koirala, president of the Congress Party, the Office of the Prime Minister.

On 5 June 2003 he was appointed by King Gyanendra, contrary to the preference of the major political parties for the fifth time as Prime Minister and his government took over again the post of foreign minister. After almost one year of tenure, he was released on 3 June 2004 and handed the office of Sher Bahadur Deuba.

Most recently, he left the RPP and in 2005 was founder and president of the National Party of People's Power ( Rashtriya Janashakti Party ), however, only 3 could reach 601 in the election to the Constituent Assembly of Nepal 2008.