The Suti were a nomadic people of the northern and eastern Babylonia. Presumably there is a collective term that may later became a real ethnonym.
An Old Babylonian text mentions the land of Suti (Su -ti - umki ). The Assyrians report since the reign of Arik -den- ilu of clashes with the Suti. They are mentioned along with the Ahlamu and Iauri.
Suti are also mentioned in an Amarna letter of the Assyrian king Ashur - uballit I, therefore, they captured Egyptian ambassador and secure traffic between Assyria and Syria at risk (EA 16 ) (see Chronicle P, I. 6). EA 297 (16 ) of Gezer and EA 318 ( 13) of TI -en -ni She also mentioned. They are known as desert nomads, so probably inhabitants of the steppe in the northern Dschesireh. The Amarna letters EA and EA 122:34 195:29 report Sutäer in Egyptian service. The Ta'anak letters (No. 3, lapel 4) mention sutäische mercenaries.
Also known from Ur III texts temporal lù Suki were interpreted as Sutäer. This was contradicted early. Thorkild Jacobsen saw them as inhabitants of the Zagros mountain and yellow as Subaraeans Ignace, François Vallat as inhabitants of Susania. Piotr Steinkeller want to read the signs as Šimaški.
The Kassitenkönig Kadašman - Harbe (ca. 1355-1344 BC ) defeated marauding Suti. In the reign of Adad - apla - iddina (1068-1047 BC) they destroyed by the king Chronicle temple in Deir, Nippur and Dur - Kurigalzu. In Sippar they destroyed the Ebabbar of the sun god Šamaš, the cult image of God was lost, so his cult could no longer be carried out according to the established rules. In these processes might also be a section refers to the broken obelisk (III, 4). Only Nabu - apla - iddina (ca. 887-855 BC), the Suti from Babylonia could drive. Then put Nabu - apla - iddina the temples of the gods and their reasonable worship restored.
These operations are described in the Šamaš panel, a stone relief from Sippar from the reign of Nabu - apla - iddina that holds a gift from the king to a Erib Biti - priest of Ebabbar. He receives from the temple regular contributions of food and clothing.
The destruction of the Ebabbar by Suti is attributed to the wrath of God Šamaš.
Simbar - Sipak (1025-1008 BC), the first king of the sea Country Dynasty, tried the cult Šamaš restore, but could not find the lost statue. He, therefore, make a solar disk, the regular sacrifices were offered. He put a certain Ekur - šuma - ušabši as a Sangu priest. Under the ruler Kassu -nadin- ahhe there was no famine and distress, and the victims were neglected. One of his successors, Eulmaš - Sakin - šumi (1003-987), pointed to the Ebabbar of Šamaš at the request of the Sangu priest Ekur - šuma - ušabši a portion of the income of Esagila in Babylon, so the cult could be resumed. Only under Nabu - apla - iddina (ca. 887-855 BC) was discovered by Nabu -nadin- sumi, a descendant of Ekur - šuma - ušabši, a picture of Samas on the banks of the Euphrates, the one as a model for could serve new statue and so restored the right cult, ended centuries of chaos.
In New Babylonian period, the Suti also occur as allies of the Elamites on how Nergal - Nasir, the chief of Suti, " fearless in battle ," the Šutruk - nahhunte III. together with General Tannanu, the taslisu officials, ten rab - kisri commanders, 80,000 archers and horsemen 703 BC Marduk - baladan sent to help against Sennacherib, though without success.
Sutäer are occupied as slaves.