Swiss locomotive and railcar classification

The Federal Railway Department wrote early uniform " series names" for the vehicles of licensed railways before. Also founded in 1902 Swiss Federal Railways had to use the system. This designation system has always been adapted to new needs. The last modification was made in 1968 with the ( last time ) publishing the " directory of the rolling stock of the Swiss Private Railways " by the Federal Office of Transport ( now the Federal Office of Transport ).

For the cars that defined by the UIC designation system was gradually taken over from 1966. The locomotives retained for the time being their old Swiss type designations or series names. 1989 led the Swiss Federal Railways a new designation system, the old series name, style number and vehicle number united, but was initially only used for new vehicles ( the first SBB Re 450 000 ). Soon the standard gauge private railway companies followed the example of SBB, there was a division of the number ranges agreed.

The narrow gauge railways have the old Swiss series names for locomotives and passenger coaches largely maintained. However, there were individual additions to the system.

Next, the designation system is described, as it was used until 1989.

  • 2.1 emergence
  • 2.2 Structure
  • 2.3 Application since 2005

Designation system until 1989


In a compound trainset whose cars can not be decoupled, all axes are taken into account, eg RABDe 8/16 ( trainset with 4 cars).


The combination of H and G is possible. HG would therefore be a narrow gauge locomotive with mixed adhesion and rack drive. However, the official rolling directory defined in HG spending to 1939 generally as a " locomotive for friction and gear drive " and binned the standard gauge steam locomotives as RHB - HG 1/2. In railcars and tractors he or hm means since 1966 pure gear drive, eh mh or mixed adhesion and rack drive. The combination of the rows A, B, C, D, E, G, R and T to each other is not provided.

Tender locomotives ever received an E, the speed level was indicated by a lowercase letter. An Ea 3/6 was therefore a tender locomotive with vmax > 80 km / h three coupled axles and three drive axles. With steam locomotives separate engines were displayed, so a Malletlok was called G 2x2 / 2 or G 2 /3 2 / 2 and not G 4/ 4 or G 4/5.

By 1920, standard gauge electric locomotives received the letter F and a lowercase letter for the speed level. The loading 5/7 so was called Fb 5/7 and the first Be 4/6 was called upon delivery nor Fb 2x2 / 3

The Zugsreihe R ( for rapid ) was originally intended for locomotives with an axle load of less than 16 tonnes. This lightweight locomotives take on curves, the rails less and were therefore this drive with increased speed (eg, 125 km / h instead of 110 km / h). With the introduction of Re 4/4II the axle load restriction was dropped after extended test drives. Various drive vehicles received after the approval for increased cornering speeds without their type designation would have been even more adapted (eg the BLS ABDe 4/8 or the high-performance engine cars).

With the advent of the Cisalpino Pendolino Zugsreihe N was introduced. These, thanks to the tilting again a higher cornering speed over Zugsreihe R (eg 160 km / h instead of 125 km / h ). The tilting train RABDe 500 ( InterCityNeigezug ) met this standard also, but the train itself was named R. locomotives of the series R may technically even after the series N run, on consideration of the passengers ( side pressure) the cornering speed is lower.

Type of traction

The additional letters of traction may occur in combination. Examples: Gea, Tem, Gmf

To distinguish: For pure gear vehicles comes the h in the first place by the capital letters, with the combined adhesion and rack drive at the end. (Example: railcars Bhe 4/4, Mixed Beh 4/4)



An electric railcar with first, second and luggage compartment would receive the designation ABDe, he is allowed to drive with an increased cornering speed, so it would be designated RABDe. By way of derogation from the rules shown here, the TEE trainsets were described as RAm or RAe, although they also owned the luggage compartment, restaurant and various other specialized institutions.

In Railcars with gear drive, a separate regulation shall apply. If it is a pure gear vehicle, the code letter is placed before the code letter of the drive type h. Example: Bhe 2/4 of the Gornergrat Bahn.

Can the car run in the adhesion operation, the code letter is placed h the letter symbols indicate the type of drive. Example: ABDeh 8/8 of the Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn.

The term XTM has been applied for a long time for self-propelled car service. Recently, however, the old Swiss marking system was partially mixed with the UIC freight wagon designations for these and for self-propelled container wagons:

  • XTmass 99 85 91 60 001-5 is composed of XTM and letters a bogie vehicle and ss for V max ≥ 120 km / h as xass for a non- self-propelled official car with the same properties
  • STmgmss -t 95 85 2720 901-8 is a composition of STm (analog XTM ) and the freight car name Sgmss -t

Type of traction

See above under " locomotives ". There are the same names.


Here examples are presented to illustrate this:

  • Ae 4/7: Electrical ( e) standard gauge locomotive with a top speed of over 85 km / h ( A) with four driving axles (4) and total seven ( 7) axes, ie three drive axles ( It could be the name by a be railcars with Erstklassabteil ).
  • Bm 4/4II: Diesel-powered (m) standard gauge locomotive with a top speed between 75 and 85 km / h four axes (second 4), which are all driven (first 4). Since an earlier locomotive series, which corresponds to the designation Bm 4/4, exists, it received the index II, which means that this corresponds to the second series (the name by it can also be a diesel-powered railcars with second-class compartment to be).
  • RBe 4/4: railcars with increased cornering speed (R ) with second class compartment (B ) with four axes (second 4), which are all driven (first 4). Since R does not exist in narrow gauge rail cars, it is a standard gauge railcars. It can not be a locomotive, as the combination R and B in locomotives is not possible.
  • A 3/ 5: Normal gauge steam locomotive ( traction Missing ) with a top speed of over 85 km / h ( A), three driving axles (3) and total five ( 5) axes, ie two synchronized axes ( It could be the name by a be railcars with Erstklassabteil ). The tender is not taken into account in the names.
  • Ge 4/4III: Electrical ( e) narrow gauge locomotive (G ), all four axles are driven (4 /4). It is the third set which corresponds to this type.

Designations in the UIC numbering scheme


End of the 1980s began the SBB with the elaboration of a new computer -compatible and compliant UIC numbering scheme for their locomotives. In particular, the indices ( Re 4/4IV, V, VI ... ) presented in the planned computerized processing a problem dar. This led in 1988 to the first draft of a UIC numbering scheme, which ultimately never came, however, in full application. The plan was to replace with " same " series, the indices with the second digit in the new scheme. The first digit should the number of drive axles show (that 4/4II Re = 420 ) and for locomotives with synchronized axes of the fracture line of the old name should be replaced by a 9 (ie Ae 4/7 = 497).

" UIC Compliant " the scheme was, in that the self-check digit is calculated according to the provisions of the UIC. Contrast, has been waived, the twelve-digit numbers 9x 85 x xxx xxx in the format provided on locomotives - x for SBB and 9x 63 x xxx xxx - x to form for the BLS. The first five digits are used with zero by definition, as did several other European railways. Numbers thus formed could only be used nationally, which was enough for those days.

As the first new vehicles SBB Re 450 were from 1989, this designation; the locomotive number ( 10500 ff ) have been replaced by run numbers 000 et seq, and the number of axles was still in the old form of fractions prefixed ( Re 4 / 4.45 million ff.) The first SBB Re 460 had their first appearances in 1991 names follow the same pattern.

The scheme was revised in 1992. The indication of the number of axles in the form of fractions was abandoned, the indication of the type of traction retained. The old vehicle number has been favor of new sequence numbers starting with 000 completely abandoned - the new numbers should consider all vehicles which in 1988 were still in the SBB in the operation, which previously retired due to an accident, was in principle no longer considered in the re-allocation of numbers. The meaning of the numbers at the individual sites was further diversified and is without a key table no longer easily comprehensible. In addition, the Swiss private railways and private vehicle owners ( contractors, siding owners) were included in the second draft. These are based on the third and fourth place in the schema identified ( BLS 50-59, 60-89 other companies). At this time, the SBB had already numbered a series of tractors under the new scheme, which now wore numbers that have been allocated to the BLS. However, these Tm kept 235000-014 ( Robel 1991-92 ) their original numbers to scrapping.

The draft '92 has been consistently applied in both new construction from 1992 to around 2004, existing locomotives and railcars received the new seven -digit numbers, however, a long time only in conjunction with alterations in the context of major revisions ( RABDe 510 RBe 540). The 1996 revisions of RBDe 4/4 in 560 RBDe vice recorded first series of these vehicles was long an exception - the replica series of these vehicles had since delivery new numbers and the "old" series has already been so adjusted to it. Since about 2003, at the SBBC locomotives repainting consistently redrawn ( Re 420, Re 620, Ae 610), on the other hand, SBB Passenger yet not a single Re 4/4II redrawn. With the more recent redrawing of existing series (ie, except for the RBe 540) was, however, contrary to the definition in 1992 decided not to renumber the new vehicles from 000. There the last two ( Re 620) or three digits ( Re 420/421, Ae 610, Ee 934) were taken over the old number.

Through this hesitant Umzeichnung drive until today several locomotives still between their "old" numbers. Therefore SBB come to today basically can not avoid to lead the older vehicles still under their old names, and it is likely that many drive vehicles will be scrapped their old numbers.

The BLS has redrawn all railcars and most tractors, but the ex -RM- vehicles kept their old number range. All new or added purchased locos with new numbers, the brown locos but the new numbers (esp. Re 425 161 ff) has not been written.

Many private railways have their vehicles redrawn quite consistently. However, it is common for the last two or three digits continue to apply as an internal number that is not used twice. For individual small businesses, however, no trace of the new numbers can be found.


The Zugsreihe or equipment and the type of traction is as described above, according to the old scheme, the UIC numbers continue prefixed ( or Re RABDe 500 460).

The numbers are presented as two three-piece sets of numbers, complemented by a check digit, which is separated by a hyphen from the number. The first three -digit group is used as a designation of the vehicle series ( RABDe 500008-8 or 460003-7 Re ). Functionally the UIC number is divided into three groups of two:

First and second digit: type of vehicle / traction

  • 0: Steam locomotives Locomotives and Museum 00: Steam Locomotives
  • 01: Electric Locomotive
  • 02: Electric train coaches /
  • 03: Diesel locomotives
  • 07: Tractors
  • 08: snow plows
  • 09: Vehicles
  • 2: Tractors ( shunting locomotives, power < 500 kW) 20: Akkumulatortraktor (Ta)
  • 21: Electric Tractor (Te)
  • 22: Two tractor power: electric and diesel drive ( Tem )
  • 23: Diesel Tractor (Tm )
  • 24: Electric Tractor: overhead line and battery mode ( Tea )
  • 3: Electrical locomotives at less than 4 driven axles (previously unused)
  • 4: Electric locomotives with four driven axles Second digit in Erstziffern 3, 4 and 6: Specification of the generation of locomotives in accordance with the previous index in superscript Roman numerals, eg Re = 420 Re 4 /4 II
  • Re = 430, Re 4 /4 III
  • Re = 450 provided: Re 4/4 V ( locomotive for S -Bahn Zurich )
  • 5: railcars and multiple units 50: Highway trainsets
  • 51: trains for suburban services
  • 52: EMUs for regional transport
  • 53: railcar with first and second class
  • 54: Railcars with second-class
  • 55: light railcars second class
  • 56: newer railcars with second-class luggage compartment
  • 57: older railcars with second-class luggage compartment
  • 58: baggage railcars
  • 59: Diesel Railcars
  • 6: Electric locomotives with more than 4 driven axles
  • 7: provided used for self-propelled vehicles and construction equipment service, exclusively for Cargo - Sprinter
  • 8: Diesel locomotives
  • 9: Electrical shunting Second number in last digit 8 and 9: Number of driven axles

Third and fourth digit: Ownership Society

The large railways (especially the SBB, and also BLS) due to their large vehicle series, also correspondingly large number ranges ( 00-49 SBB, BLS 50-59 ), the smaller private railways, however, can only series of up to 100 vehicles ( 00 - 99) numbered, but this is usually sufficient. Since 2003, these principles have been breached several times by vehicles, which passed into the ownership of the SBB their numbers kept in the range 60-69 and vehicles by private individuals or private railways numbers from the SBB area received (especially BLS Re 420501-512 )

  • Third digit 0-4: owner SBB CFF FFS Third digit in electric locomotives and electric multiple units / trains: 0: Einspannungsfahrzeug
  • 1: Einspannungsfahrzeug, equipment for Germany
  • 2: dual-voltage vehicle
  • 3: Einspannungsfahrzeug, variant / sub type
  • 4: Four voltage vehicle
  • 0: up to 99 kW
  • 1: 100 to 199 kW
  • 2: 200 to 299 kW
  • 3: 300-399 kW
  • 4: 400-499 kW
  • Third digit 5: owner BLS Lötschberg (BLS ), formerly BLS / BN / GBS / SEZ Fourth point: part of the serial number
  • Other companies owner: 60: Swiss Südostbahn (SOB ), formerly Bodensee- Toggenburg -Bahn (BT)
  • 61-63: Regional Mittelland (RM ), formerly EBT / pa / SMB, today BLS
  • 64: Former Swiss Südostbahn (SOB )
  • 65: Sihltal Zurich Uetliberg Bahn ( SZU )
  • 66: Thurbo, formerly Mittelthurgaubahn ( MThB )
  • 67: Thurbo
  • 68: Reserve is occupied from 2010 Thurbo
  • 69: BABHE, formerly OKK
  • 70 and 71: Transports Publics Fribourgeois (TPF ), formerly C df Fribourgeois Gruyère - Fribourg- Morat ( GFM )
  • 72: Oensingen - Balsthal Railway ( ÖBB) is not used
  • 73: Transports Régionaux Neuchâtelois ( TRN), formerly known as Chemin de fer Régional du Val -de- Travers ( RVT)
  • 74: Chemins de fer du Jura ( CJ)
  • 75: Transports de Martigny et régions ( TMR), formerly Chemins de fer Martigny- Orsières (MO)
  • 76: Chemin de fer Orbe Chavornay (OC )
  • 77: Private ( originally intended for West Switzerland )
  • 78: Private ( originally planned for Central Switzerland )
  • 79: Private incl Lokoop (originally planned for East Switzerland )
  • 80: Post- Test (POST ), formerly ( PTT)
  • 81: Former Sensetalbahn ( STB)
  • 83: TRAVYS, formerly Chemin de fer Pont- Brassus ( PBr )
  • 84: BDWM transport ( BDWM ), formerly Wohlensee Meisterschwanden Railway ( WM)
  • 85: Sursee - Kulmerau train ( ST), is not used
  • 86: Rigi -Bahn ( RB), former Arth -Rigi Bahn (ARB ) / Vitznau -Rigi Bahn (VRB )
  • 87: Appenzell Railways, formerly the Rorschach -Heiden mountain railway ( RHB ) is not used
  • 88: former cogwheel train Lausanne- Ouchy (LO )
  • 89: Kriens -Luzern -Bahn ( KLB ) is not used

Fifth and sixth digit: sequential numbering

The vehicle numbers may begin at 00 000, respectively, if the fourth digit is not assigned a function. BLS and most other private railways awarded either sequence numbers starting with 01 or kept equal to the old road numbers in order to continue to work internally with the old numbers can. Since around 2004 also numbered SBB their locomotives from 001

Examples: Re 460003-7, fourth locomotive of the class Re 460 (the first has the sequence number "000 "). Re 465003-2, however, is the third locomotive of the series. SOB BDe 576048-059, originally BT 50-53 and 80-87 SOB, the two oldest SOB BDe 80 and 81 received in the merger SOB / BT the sequence numbers 48 and 49, the newer 54-59, this corresponds almost exactly the delivery order. SOB Re 456 096 is the sixth locomotive of the series, originally BT 91-96.

Application since 2005

With the onset of cross-border use of locomotives had to be a move to provide twelve-digit numbers for this vehicle category. At the same time, the 85 code by the owner to the SBB and Switzerland country code "CH". On the other hand, there was the need to keep apart a series of vehicles within the meaning of " series ". So their shares purchased by the SBB Re 4/4II numbered the BLS not work as intended by the scheme as Re 425, but as Re 420.5. Similarly, the SBB - type Am 843 replica locomotives for other owners opposed the draft '92 as Am 843 queued ( Am 843 151ff 501ff and 843 ) were.

The locomotives were first provided under the old UIC rule by using the second site as a clearing number twelve digit numbers, which, however, were only to be found in directories, so have been awarded from around 2008 TSI conform numbers (at least for the BLS) use the fifth digit as a clearing number. The balance point is calculated to have the twelve digit and the seven digit number the same check digit.


As now all drive vehicles must receive meaningful twelve-digit number, also very special vehicles " fit " into the system, such as

  • The self-propelled container wagons that are used in Switzerland since 2009 as a control car to Re 420 and as thermal Verschubfahrzeuge for the so- formed " cargo shuttle trains " in the unloading, given the series number 720 ( STmgmss -t 95 85 2720 901-8 );
  • Imported by the DLM fireless steam locomotives ( Dampfspeicherloks ) are classified as T 380 ( first full number T 90 85 9380 001-8 )