Tak ( Thai: ตาก ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the west of the northern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Tak Tak.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 3.3 dams
The province is bordered on the west by Myanmar, with the Tak has the longest border of the provinces of Thailand. The topography is mountainous and rugged with many waterfalls, rivers and caves.
- Mae Sot ( Maesot )
- Sam Ngao
- Mae Ramat
The climate is tropical with temperate monsunal influences. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 40.2 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 9.7 ° C. At 109 days of rain fell in the same year 1,006.4 mm rainfall.
More than 93 % of the residents of Tak Thai, the rest are members of the hill tribes. 95 % of the population are Buddhists, about 1% are Muslims.
Economic importance and
In 2008, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product) of the province of 36,611 million baht. The minimum wage in the province is 162 baht per day ( about 4 € ). More than 60 % of workers are engaged in agriculture.
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 7,942,381 Rai ( 4964.0 km ²), 77.5 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 1,382,579 Rai ( 867.2 km ²), 13.5 % of the total
- Not classified area: 924 196 rai ( 577.6 km ²), 9.0 % of the total
The province can play an important role once the Asian Highway from Istanbul to Ubon Ratchathani will be one continuous section. Currently fails the substantially to Myanmar, which has no interest in opening up the country.
- Bhumibol Dam - built 1958-1964 with a 300 km ² reservoir which impounds the Maenam Ping.
The landscape of Tak Province has been inhabited since at least 2000 years ago, and one starts from a small kingdom, which had been formed here, long before the Kingdom of Sukhothai Tak formed and could be brought under control. The town of Ban Tak was built about 663 under Queen Chamadevi who was a princess of the Kingdom of Lopburi. Tak Sukhothai later formed the western outpost. During the reign of King Maha Thammaracha (reigned 1568-1590 ) was Tak to the Burmese lost, however, was in 1584 the Great ( r. 1590-1605 ) reconquered by his son Naresuan, when he was still Prince. During the early Bangkok period ( Rattanakosin ) the city of Tak was moved to the east bank of the Ping River.
The later King Taksin, after the Burmese Empire unifier destruction of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya was for many years Governor here.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province shows the king Naresuan on the royal elephant. Sometimes it is shown under the elephant, a Garuda, the national symbol of Thailand. Naresuan is shown how he pours holy water over the earth, a symbolic act that symbolizes the independence of the country. This gesture refers to the war in 1584 against Burma after Tak had been released as the first border town of Burma's control.
The local tree is the Asian Jatoba ( Xylia kerrii on Thai: Daeng ), the local flower is the orchid tree ( Bauhinia sp.).
The motto of the province of Tak is:
- Thi Lo Su ( Thai: ที ล อ ซู ), Thailand's largest waterfall ( about 200 meters high and 400 meters wide ) is located in the Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary ( " Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary " ) in Umphang.
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- National Park Mae moei
- Namtok Pha Charoen National Park
- National Park Mae Ping
- Mae Wa National Park
The province is divided into 9 districts ( Amphoe ). These are further divided into 63 communes ( tambon) and 493 villages ( Muban ) divided.
In the province there is a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ): Mae Sot ( เทศบาล นคร แม่สอด ) and a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Tak ( เทศบาล เมือง ตาก ). In addition, there are 12 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).