The tap dance was developed in the 19th century in the U.S. and is known today all over the world. With two metal plates, which are more durable than the wooden soles initially used, mounted front and back of the shoes, rhythmic sounds are produced when dancing that match the visual impression and music. The dancer is thus for percussion musicians. The English term for this is onomatopoeic Tap dance and the French claquettes.
- Step: Step -loaded on the metal plate of the ball of the foot
- Stamp: Loaded up with the whole foot, powerful punch
- Stomp: Unloaded step with the whole foot, powerful punch
- Toe: tapping the toe
- Heel: produce sound with the heel, while the bale is loaded
- Ball or tap: Unloaded blow with the metal plate of the ball of the foot on the floor
- Hop: leap on one leg
- Leap: jump from one leg to the other
- Brush: unburdened foot " sand " on the ground and thereby produce a short clean tone, forward or backward, is also carried out to the side
- Shuffle: dual, unloaded forefoot back and " grind " on the ground ( = before brush and back)
- Flap: dual of the knees falling out performed the loose foot hits the bale onto the ground, springs back and a short step completes the movement
- Ball change: double tone an unloaded and a loaded "step ", seems a bit limp as if executed multiple times slowly in sequence.
- Scuff: grind heel forward over the ground, gives a blow
- Dig: A strike heel, strong, forward
- Pull back: Two strokes, the first is with the front iron, on the one just a moment ago was generated during retraction of the loose foot, the second by landing on the same iron
- Cramp roll: Step combination of ball and heel with four beats, the first beat can be used as flap (resulting in five beats ) are carried out or as a shuffle step (resulting in six copies)
- Timestep (single): shuffle hop step flap step
- Timestep (double): shuffle hop flap flap step
- Timestep (triple ): shuffle hop shuffle step flap step
- Maxi ford: step shuffle leap toe
- Shim sham: shuffle step shuffle step shuffle ball change shuffle step
The Spanish Flamenco may have influenced the tap dance. The tips of the shoes are nailed so that they produce a very audible sound while dancing.
Tap dance dates back to the 1830s. He was born in New York's Five Points, where different ethnic groups came together and organized competitions to showcase their best moves. It came as a fusion of African Shuffle or gumboot dance and Irish, Scottish and English step dance. At the most influential was the Irish Jig. Thus, a new American style developed.
The tap dancing was a flourishing period between 1900 and 1955. Quilt that time was the main style in the shows on Broadway and in the American Vaudeville Theatre ( vaudeville ). Also at that time very popular big bands often dedicated tap dancer. For a time it was on most American roads amateur stepper to see and hear. Tap dance was at that time virtually identical to jazz dance, because jazz was the music that was stitched to the.
In the 1930s to 1950s, the best tap dancers switched to film and television.
After Germany the quilting came by Egon beer, which quilting with Fred Astaire learned. He taught tap dancing first member of his dance school.
In the 1950s, the dance style changed in the entertainment industry. Rock ' n ' Roll and a new jazz dance style developed. Jazz dance and tap dance developed from then on in parallel as your own styles on.
Meanwhile, the show and tap dance world championship will be held once a year, which is aligned in Riesa since 1997.
End of the 1990s developed in Russia X - outing as a " street version " of tap dance. The music style is danced predominantly designed for the X- Outing, called Drum and Bass.
Famous tap dancer
- Fred Astaire ( in some films with Ginger Rogers )
- Sammy Davis Jr.
- Vera -Ellen (for example, in the film On the Town with Gene Kelly )
- Michael Flatley: primarily known by his dance shows Riverdance, Lord of the Dance and Feet of Flames
- Savion Glover
- Gregory Hines ( among other actors in American film Tap Dance 1989)
- Ruby Keeler
- Gene Kelly
- Ann Miller
- The Nicholas Brothers
- Donald O'Connor (along with Gene Kelly tap some of the most famous scenes in Singin 'in the Rain )
- Eleanor Powell
- Bill Robinson: also known as Bill " Bojangles " Robinson, the father of modern tap dance, among other things, with the little Shirley Temple
- Ginger Rogers
- Marika Rokk
Letters in German according to Duden: " Tap Dancing " (because quilting with two P is written, but the German tap dancers prefer the English spelling and stick to " tap dance " - as opposed to " quilt " )