Tapan Sinha ( Bengali: তপন সিন্হা, Tapan Sinha, born October 2, 1924 in Kolkata, † 15 January 2009 ) was an Indian director of the Bengali and Hindi film. Besides Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen, he was one of the internationally renowned Bengali film directors with a recognizably own handwriting. Sinha was especially appreciated for his gift of cinematic storytelling.
Sinha grew up in Bihar on ( Bhagalpur and Bankura ), where his family had property. In 1946, he earned a Master's degree ( M.Sc.) in Physics from the University of Calcutta. In the same year he joined New Theatres in Kolkata as a sound engineer and worked for Satyen Bose's debut film Pari Bartan (1949 ). After a visit to the London Film Festival, he was from 1950 to 1951 worked in London's Pinewood Studios.
His debut as a director, he had in 1954 with the film Ankush on a story by Narayan Gangopadhyay. Already in his second film Upahar (1955 ) played by Uttam Kumar one of the stars of Bengali film. Many of Sinha's works are literary adaptations of Bengali authors. He turned by Rabindranath Thakur, Sailajananda Mukherjee, Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay and others. Sinha Kabuliwala (1956 ) by Tagore was shown at the Berlin Film Festival in 1957 and won Ravi Shankar the award for best music. The actor Chhabi Biswas played here as Afghan dry fruit dealers Rehmat Khan one of his best roles. Directed by Hemen Gupta in 1961 was a Hindi remake of this film with Balraj Sahni in the lead role.
In Hindi film in Mumbai turned Sinha Hatey Bazarey (1967 ) with Ashok Kumar and Vyjayantimala, Sangina Mahato (1970 ) with Dilip Kumar and Zindagi Zindagi (1972 ) with Sunil Dutt and Waheeda Rehman. Then he went back to Kolkata.
Tapan Sinha made films in many genres of comedies - the best known is Galpo Holeo Satyi (1966 ) with Robi Ghosh - until the political contemporary film - Apanjan (1968), Raja (1974) and Adalat o Ekti Meye (1981 ), which with current social problems (eg Naxalites, youth unemployment, lawlessness ) deal. Sabuj Dwiper Raja (1979 ), story by Sunil Gangopadhyay among the most popular children's films in Bengal.
Sinha was until her death in 1990 married to actress Arundhati Devi, who appeared in several of his films. Under the title Mone Pore 1995 he published his memoirs.
Tapan Sinha's films have been shown at international film festivals; he was several times a member of festival juries. Many of his works have been awarded the National Film Awards in India. For his life's work, he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2006.
His last work Shatabdir Kanya, which consists of six films based on stories by Tagore, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Gourkishore Ghosh, Prafulla Roy and Dibyendu Palit, he completed in 2001. It deals with the position of the Indian woman in the 20th century.