Tarim, also Terim, (Arabic تريم, Tarim DMG ) is a town in the Hadhramaut in the southeast of Yemen. The importance Tarims is today is to provide the scientific, legal and religious center of the region. It is assumed here that the world's most descendants of the Prophet Muhammad are located, which is why the city also acquires historical significance. Various Islamic scholars come from the city, such as Imam al- Haddad or Dar al - Mustafa.
On average, the Hadramaut lies at an altitude of 1370 meters. Tarim is just half as high at over 600 meters. 176 km south of the coast lies on the Arabian Sea. Seiyun located 35 km north-west. Rock plateaus dominate the countryside of Tarim. These have heights up to 900 meters and are intersected by numerous valleys.
As one of the largest cities in Yemen Tarim is the crossroads of ancient trade routes. There are, therefore, many mosques and palaces. These are often influenced by Far Eastern elements. In the heyday of the city here were each more than 300 mosques and Islamic schools.
Tarim has a diverse cultural past, which is reflected in the fact that foreign elements of style kept as collection, as lovingly detailed decorative elements. The architectural history Tarims mediates between the cultures within and outside of the modern nation-state.
Mosques and libraries
365 mosques should have, during the heydays Tarims in the city. A mosque Sirjis Mosque, dating from the 7th century. In the period between the 17th and 19th century mosques held a prominent role in terms of their influence held on Islamic scholarship in the region. The famous Al- Mihdar Mosque is a 53 -meter high minaret, the tallest in Yemen, surmounted. It was designed by local architects Abu Bakr bin Shihab and Alawi Al Mash'hūr. All the great buildings of the city have a square base and are in uniform rows. In detail, one encounters the traditional trade relations of the city, which are apparently due to fitted doors, for example, Singapore and various door tops from India.
Tarim also has a huge library that Aw qaf library. In this more than 5,000 manuscripts from the region are managed. Topics of the times have been immortalized as the teachings of the Prophet, Islamic law, Sufism, medicine, astronomy and agriculture. History biographies, textbooks on mathematics, philosophy, logic, and the eight volumes of Abu Muhammad al -Hasan al - Hamdani 's al- Iklil, a major Muslim scholars are set here. Between 300 to 400 of the ( unique ) manuscripts alone the scholar Abd al - Qader Sabban be assigned.
Tarim is also known for its numerous palaces. Emerged only thirty palaces Between the 1870s and 1930s. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries a number of hadramautische merchant families acquired significant wealth through trade and investment. The Re - qaf family was considered here as the most influential. Many family members were recognized and respected by the religious scholars. Many public works projects subject to the zeitgeist of the modernization of the country. The palaces survived the colonial period as proof of performance for family prosperity on the one hand and modernization on the other. The style had elements that were recognizable of Mughal architecture, the style of the British Empire, the Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Rococo, Neoclassicism and other modern Yemeni styles borrowed implemented by the traditional Yemeni construction with ( clay ) bricks and lime plaster ( " malas ").
The Qasr al-' ishshah complex
A striking example of the architecture of the Kalkverputzes, the Qasr al-' ishshah complex dar. It represents one of the original Re - qaf architectures in Tarim. Shaikh aw - qaf built within forty years the ensemble from the proceeds of the South Asia trade that came for example from investments made in the Grand Hotel de l'Europe in Singapore in the 1930s. In this architecture, the above foreign influences manifest clearly. The decorations are often associated paving stones in the construction of a, as wood carvings for decoration of niches, ceiling and lamp holders.
In the period 1970-1991 the Qasr al-' ishshah complex was expropriated by the PDRY and parceled out as a multi -family house tract. Descendants received the building complex back later. In 1997 the Historical Society for the Preservation of Tarim rented a to supply the plant for museum purposes.
The airport is 30 km away from Tarim in Seiyun. International flights go to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. Domestic flights go to Sanaa.