Tatar alphabet

The Tatar alphabet referred you to a used given time or a certain region alphabet for the posting of the Tatar language.

Alphabets Historically and currently used

  • By 1920, Tatar was written mainly in the alphabets of the Arabic script, namely imla to 1920 in Iske, then in Russia and 1927 in Yana imla ( "New Alphabet "). In this vowels are written with basic letters instead of the suffix, so it is an alphabet in the narrow sense ( and not a Abdschad ). A special role is played by the subscript alif to the mark "front " and "rear " vowels in the context of vowel harmony of the Tatar. In China, the Tatar is now posted in Arabic script.
  • From 1927 to 1939 the Tatar in Yes ꞑ was written alif, a parallel to the Turkish alphabet developed on the Turkologenkongress of Baku 1926 variant of the Latin alphabet.
  • After Nikolai Ivanovich Ilminski already had developed a Cyrillic Verschriftung of Tatar as part of its efforts to a mission of Orthodox Christianity, Tatar was re- written since 1939 on the orders of Stalin with Cyrillic letters, but in a newly developed alphabet.
  • 1999, a new Latin alphabet was designed and also at times used in addition to the Cyrillic. This uses the characters of the modern Turkish Latin alphabet, but retained for there not occurring sounds the characters Ə / ə (similar to the current Azerbaijani alphabet) and Ꞑ / ꞑ from the Yes ꞑ with alif, as well Ɵ / ɵ instead of Turkish Ö / ö
  • By 2012 the Latin alphabet was revised by the three pairs of letters not contained in the Turkish alphabet has been replaced by (and therefore in common Computerschiftarten rather nonexistent) letter pairs Ä / ä, Ñ / ñ and Ö / ö used also in several other European languages. This alphabet may be used in accordance with an officially published in the December 2012 law in addition to the current Cyrillic.

Cyrillic version

The current official Cyrillic Tatar alphabet contains the following 39 characters:

Latin version

The current official Latin Tatar alphabet contains the following 34 characters:

Comparison Chart

Text example

(Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1)