Tate Modern

The Tate Gallery of Modern Art (short: Tate Modern) in London is the world's largest museum for modern art. It has its headquarters in a converted power station, the former Bankside Power Station, on the banks of the Thames in the district of Southwark.


In 1916 it transferred to the Tate Gallery, the task is to create a collection of international painting and sculpture from 1900. As the collection increased tremendously and had also gained in popularity as the facility in Millbank eventually became too small. Branches opened in 1987 in Liverpool and in 1993 in St Ives in Cornwall. Since May 2000, the main collection is housed in the former Bankside Power Station, originally designed by Giles Gilbert Scott. Among the 148 designs for the conversion of the power station to the Museum of the Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron prevailed. Through the opened in the same year Footbridge Millennium Bridge, the first bridge building in the heart of London since 1894, a direct link between St Paul 's Cathedral and the Museum was created. In May 2003, the ' tate to Tate' boat service was established with a stop at London Eye.


The museum was originally designed for 1.8 million visitors per year, but now the number of visitors has increased to nearly four million. It was planned by 2012 - in time for the Summer Olympics in London - the exhibition area to expand by 60 %. With the additional 23,000 square meters, the museum would achieve a comparable size as the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris. The funding (more than 240 million € ) of cultivation should be done both from private and public funds. The cultivation of the museum, which is built on the south side of the main building was initially planned as a glass pyramid. This design was rejected and replaced by a futuristic brick building. Both designs came back by the architectural firm Herzog & de Meuron. 2010 should start the construction work, but the fundraising was not yet crowned with success enough. In April 2011, the new director of Tate, Chris Dercon began. In September 2011, Dercon said that the construction of the brick pyramid by 2016 would begin. The disused oil tanks of the former power station will be but until then used as projection screens for movies and for installations to use .. The group Unilever, which has been involved with a total of 4.4 million British pounds on sponsorship of the Tate Modern, announced in August 2012 to terminate the sponsorship, but you remain a member of society as a company.


The Tate Modern presents works of the most important and influential artists of the classical modern and contemporary. Starting with works by Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin and Henri de Toulouse- Lautrec, the styles of the epoch are shown: Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, Futurism, Expressionism, Dadaism and Surrealism and Pop Art, Minimalism and Conceptual Art. The museum shows not only works of the protagonists of classical modernism, inter alia, by Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Henri Matisse, Piet Mondrian, Marcel Duchamp, Salvador Dali and Andy Warhol, but also avant-garde movements such as the Vienna activism or works by Joseph Beuys and a focus on contemporary American art (Jackson Pollock, Cy Twombly, Mark Rothko, Ed Ruscha ).


The permanent exhibition is divided into four areas that do not follow art historical epochs, but arranged objects different eras under headings. At the opening of 2000, the landscape, still life, history painting and act were Since the redesign in 2006 these areas States of Flux ( optimism ), Idea and object (idea and object ), Poetry and Dream are (Poetry and Dream ) and Matter and Gestures ( matter and gestures). In addition, there are major exhibitions and large individual objects in the former turbine hall, now the entrance hall.