Tendaguru Formation



The Tendaguru is a hill near the town of Lindi in the south east of the East African state of Tanzania and a world-renowned repository of dinosaur fossils from the Upper Jurassic.

In the years 1909-1913 there was a German expedition and excavation on behalf of the Berlin Museum of Natural History under the direction of Werner Janensch. It is regarded as the most successful dinosaur excavations of all time. 250 tons of fossilized dinosaur bones were transported to Berlin, including the skeleton of a Brachiosaurus almost complete brancai (now designated as a separate genus Giraffatitan ). This was set up at the Museum of Natural History, whose showpiece it forms ever since. It was a long time, and is now after a new installation again in 2007, the world's largest mounted dinosaur skeleton.

The Tendaguru finds brought much new knowledge about dinosaurs and are still not fully scientifically evaluated. Other genera, of which the formation Tendaguru abundant discoveries were made, are kentrosaurus, a Stegosaurus, Dysalotosaurus (also asked to Dryosaurus ), a small ornithischians, Elaphrosaurus, an unusual, slender theropod, and a number of other, sometimes quite complete, sometimes only partially known sauropods. These include Dicraeosaurus sattleri and D. hansemanni, Janenschia robusta and, less well known, Tornieria africana and Australodocus bohetii. Even the bones of a dinosaur were found allosauriden robbery.

From 1924 to 1931 continued the British Museum (Natural History ), now the Natural History Museum, with its own expedition, the German excavations at Tendaguru continued, without being able to show similar spectacular fossil finds.

The Berlin Museum of Natural History led in August and September 2000 as part of the German - Tanzanian Tendaguru project again Fossilaufsammlungen on Tendaguru by. The aim was to reconstruct the palaeoecosystems in which the dinosaurs lived.