Thai numerals

The Thai figures, more precisely, Thai digits ( ตัวเลข ไทย, [ tua lê ː k t ʰ ai ] ), are a number of Scriptures, are shown in the figures positionally based on a decimal system with nine numerals and a separate written as a circular sign for zero.

In Thailand, the Thai number system is traditionally used. In daily use, however, usually Arabic numerals are used today. Thai numbers are used only for documents and inscriptions with an official or religious character or historical reference.

In the Thai language numbers or number words are usually between noun and a measure word. Exceptions are, inter alia, time and value information.

Zero to nine

Note: For the two coexisting with สอง (song) also ยี่ ( yi); a traditional way of pronunciation, which still exists in some places of the Thai language, for example in the formation of the word for " 20" and its combinations. It is still used to refer to the second month of the Thai lunar calendar. See the online Royal Institute Dictionary after it is used in the northern Thai dialect for the year of the Tiger.

Ten to one million

The numbers 10-1000000 be formed with the words of the powers of 10. The one is to et when it follows a power of ten. The numbers 20 to 29 start with yi sip.

In the colloquial language can be the beginning of 21 are shortened to ยิบ ( yip ) to 29 of ยี่สิบ ( yi sip). Therefore, you can hear ยิบ เอ็ด ( yip et ), ยิบ สอง ( yip song).

The hundreds are formed by roi are combined with tens and units values. For example, zweihunderzweiunddreißig (232 ) song sam roi sip song. The words roi, phan, muen, and sow should be used, preceded by a numeral ( nueng is optional), so that two hundred ten and one hundred song roi sip is either roi roi or nueng is. Nueng never happens sip, so that song roi nueng sip is wrong.

Native speakers sometimes use roi nueng (or phan nueng, etc.) to differ with different emphasis on nueng one hundred and one hundred and one. Such a distinction is often not made ​​, then arise from the ambiguities. To counteract this problem should be at 101 (or 1001, 10001, etc.) roi et (or phan et, et muen, etc. ) are used.

Numbers more than one million

Numbers more than one million are formed by long be preceded by a factor them. For example, ten million sip lan, one trillion ( 1012) lan lan.

Decimal and fractional numbers

Colloquially decimal numbers are formed by จุด ( chut, point) is spoken at the point where the decimal separator is. So, for example, 1.01 หนึ่ง จุด ศูนย์ หนึ่ง.

Fractures are formed by ใน ( nai, under, over ) is provided between the numerator and denominator. For example, is referred to as หนึ่ง ใน สาม ( nueng nai sam).

The word ครึ่ง ( khrueng ) is used for "half". It is prepended to the counter word when it is used alone, but follows him to, when it is used with another number. For example, means Kradat Krueng phaen ( กระดาษ ครึ่ง แผ่น ) "half a page of paper ," but Kradat nueng phaen Krueng ( กระดาษ หนึ่ง แผ่น ครึ่ง ) " one and a half pages of paper ."

Minus numbers

Minus figures are formed by a ลบ ( lop, minus), which is placed before the number. For example, ลบ สิบ เอ็ด -11.

Atomic numbers

Is atomic numbers ที่ ( thi, city) prefixed. You will not be viewed as a special kind of numbers, as the number word follows the modified noun, which in this case thi.