The Bronx

The Bronx [ bɹɑ ː NCP ] is since January 10, 1874 the northernmost municipality ( borough ) of New York City. It coincides with Bronx County, the third most populated county of the state of New York.

  • 4.1 Sport
  • 5.1 Other parks
  • 6.1 Economics
  • 6.2 traffic
  • 7.1 Borough Presidents


The total area is 148.7 square kilometers in the Bronx; of which 108.9 square kilometers of land area and 39.9 square kilometers ( approximately 26 percent) waters.

The Bronx is divided by the Hudson River from Bergen County, New Jersey, and in the southwest by the Harlem River from Manhattan Island to the west. In the southeast of the East River forms the border with Queens and Long Iceland Sound separates the Bronx from Nassau County on Long Iceland. In the north of the city district adjacent to Westchester County.

Although the New York City borough of Marble Hill is located on the mainland and (ZIP code) from the United States Postal Service has been treated as a part of the Bronx in the distribution of postal codes, however, is one of Manhattan.

The Bronx River rises in Westchester County and flows through the township until it flows into the East River. The Hutchinson River runs through the East Bronx and empties into Eastchester Bay.

The Bronx is the only borough of New York City, which lies almost entirely on the North American mainland. To him but also includes several small islands in the East River and the Long Iceland sound.


The Bronx has 1.4 million inhabitants (2009 ) and thus to Staten Iceland is the second smallest of the five New York boroughs. The annual population growth is 0.5 percent ( average 2000-2009).

The population of the Bronx is marked very multicultural in the overall consideration. Due to the continued strong immigration are now 41 percent of all residents born outside the United States, where most immigrants from the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Jamaica, Africa and Kosovo come. Considering the different neighborhood of the Bronx individually, however, the composition of the population appears to be less diverse. Many parts of the city - and even more the individual blocks - are dominated by certain populations or groups of origin, which corresponds to a significant ethnic and social segregation equals. The municipality is reflecting how many district of New York, the history of the various waves of immigrants in the city: at the end of the 19th century, many Italians and Irish came early 20th century, followed by Eastern European Jews during the Great Migration came in the 1920s, African Americans soon dominated the district, in the last decades of the 20th century finally immigrants from Puerto Rico and Latin America.

Hispanics represent a share of 52 percent, the majority of the population in the Bronx. Puerto Ricans form with a share of 23 percent of the total largest group of origin, another 16 percent are Dominicans and 5 percent Mexican. African-Americans and immigrants from the Caribbean and from Africa are the second major ethnic group with 31 percent. Among non -Hispanic whites who make up only a relatively small minority with a share of 12 percent of the total population, Italians and Irish are clearly the largest groups. Regardless of national origin be identified about half of the whites as Jews. In addition to these and a small Protestant minority most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics. In the Bronx equally Spanish (46 percent ) and English are spoken (44 percent) approximately.


1639 was the Swedish-born settler Jonas Bronck (* 1600, † 1643) was the first European with his family in what is now the Bronx down. Subsequent Dutch and English settlers referred to the area acquired by him in the ground soon as " Bronck 's Land" and a visit there to announce you said at the time: "We are going to the Bronck 's". The present spelling of the name was used for the first time in 1874, as one, made the area that was originally part of Westchester County into an independent district; prefixing of the article was retained.

Especially in the years after 1900, the area was rapidly urbanized and cultivated, and saw its first economic peak. After incision of the Great Depression, the Bronx was in the 1940s, a town of the middle class. However, taken place in the period after the Second World War, more and more of the former European-born residents (see above) continues and the Bronx was a working-class and poor neighborhood.

The Bronx was known worldwide especially in the 1960s, to be a social problem with high crime rates. Gang violence, car theft, drugs and robberies were the daytime, at least in the southern part of the Bronx (South Bronx ) everyday. Like the rest of New York experienced the Bronx from the 1990s, a significant drop in crime, so that the states of the 1970s and 1980s are largely past today. Thus, the number of crimes committed was in the Bronx from 1990 to 2007 by 73 percent, the number of robberies per day decreased from 49 to 13 Little is known, that in the district of the Bronx not only tenement houses and social housing for low-income people, but also residential area of the middle class as Spuyten Duyvil lie. However, only about 20 percent of households overall in the Bronx homes, for the United States, an extremely low value. The Bronx may be referred to as a " bedroom community " for Manhattan, as she herself has only about 220,000 jobs and 87,000 one-person company with a population of over 1.3 million.

Historical buildings

Away from the U.S. Highway 1 is the Lorillard Snuff Mill ( also known as Old Snuff Mill ). The historic snuff mill was taken as a monument with the number 77000935 on 22 December 1977 by the National Register of Historic Places. The mill was also recorded in the " National Historic Landmarks " program.


Through the African- American population and puerto here developed in the late 1960s, the origins of hip- hop and break dancing. Characteristic of the area around Yankee Stadium are the numerous Hispanic restaurants where you can find specialties from the Caribbean, for example, the popular Mofongos, a kind of large dumpling that can be stuffed with meat.

In the Bronx, there are numerous opportunities to buy low, approximately at the Fordham Road, which extends through the entire Bronx.

The Bronx is also a very popular location for the American film industry, as more than 80 movies have been filmed there since the 1950s, including The Wanderers.


Best-known sports venue the Bronx is the location of the 161st Street Yankee Stadium, New York Yankees baseball games will be played in the regular.


Bronx Zoo

The Bronx Zoo, with full name " International Wildlife Conservation Park ", is a zoological garden in New York. Founded the Zoo 1899. With more than 300 hectares it is the largest zoo in New York and the largest located in a city zoo in the United States. To the Zoo and the New York Botanical Garden is counted, which connects north.

The park is home to over 4,300 animals belonging to 765 different species. The division was hit while on a geographical basis. If you begin in the north at Rainey Gate Entrance a tour clockwise so roam visitors following continents: North America, Asia, Africa and South America. The Bronx Zoo many animal species are found that are already extinct in the wild.

Heinrich Heine monument

The Heinrich Heine Memorial, known in English as the Lorelei Fountain, is a framed white Lasa marble fountain, which is dedicated to the memory of the German poet and writer Heinrich Heine. The monument was originally to be set up in Heine's hometown of Dusseldorf. The anti-Semitic and nationalist agitation in the German Empire prevented, however, that the monument to Heine's 100th birthday was completed and inaugurated in 1897. Instead, it was revealed on July 8, 1899, in the presence of the sculptor Ernst Herter in New York City's Bronx. The monument stands at the southern end of the Joyce Kilmer - Park at the 161st Street and Grand Concourse opposite a courthouse ( District Court ).

Poe Cottage

Edgar Allan Poe's last house is a lovingly restored and generally accessible museum. He lived in the then suburb of Fordham from 1846 to 1849. Died here his wife and cousin, Virginia Clemm Poe, the example of his Annabel Lee. Poe Cottage in 1913 moved to 140 meters from its original place. It is the Poe Park opposite to the Kingsbridge Road in the Bronx.

Grand Concourse

The many Art Deco buildings along the Grand Concourse are interesting for architecture enthusiasts. This planned after the Parisian model of the Champs- Élysées north-south main compound was in the 1920s and 1930s by a subway tunnel under ( " Concourse Line"), then followed by a construction boom in the Art Deco and Streamline Moderne style. In addition to theaters, hotels and public buildings ( courthouse ) originated here among others countless elegant residences.

More parks

  • Bronx Park
  • Crotona Park
  • Woodlawn Cemetery
  • Pelham Bay Park
  • Van Cortlandt Park
  • Wave Hill

Economy and infrastructure


The Bronx is one of the economically underdeveloped counties in the United States. The annual per capita income lies with 17 464 dollars below the national average of 27,466 U.S. dollars. The unemployment rate is 10.3 percent, also significantly higher than in the United States as a whole (6.4 percent). The proportion of people living below the poverty line, is in the Bronx with 27.8 percent, more than twice as high as the American average ( 13.2 percent). In addition, the wealth among the different population groups is very unevenly distributed.

→ For more information on the economic situation of the population groups, see: Demographics of the Bronx


The Bronx is crossed by the lines 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, B and D of the New York subway in north-south direction and is connected to the south to Manhattan. The Metro operates largely as elevated elevated railway in the Bronx. Depending on which of the 71 subway stations in the Bronx you start, Midtown Manhattan is reached in about 30 to 40 minutes. The northern line endpoints are up to 20 miles from Midtown Manhattan. Some lines run in sections as Express and go through numerous stations to keep the travel time to the city center as low as possible. The Metro operates around the clock. East-west connections within the Bronx are adopted by many city bus lines.


The municipality ( Borough ) The Bronx is divided into 12 community districts, which are subdivided in turn into 59 neighborhoods ( Neighborhoods ).

See: Administrative divisions of New York City

Borough Presidents

The Borough President is since 1898 the elected head of the district:


Many celebrities were born in the Bronx and / or grew up there. One of the most famous examples of this is the native of Puerto Rico, singer Jennifer Lopez, who tells in her song Jenny from the block of her childhood in the South Bronx. Their album On The Six is ​​named after the train line 6, the district their home Parkchester, a symmetrical scale, consisting of high-rise buildings residential development anfährt. Other examples are the rapper Fat Joe or the Hispanic boy band Aventura, who landed a number -one hit with their title Obsesión in Europe. Also still come following figures from the Bronx: