The Cherry Orchard
- Lyubov Andrejewna Ranjewskaja, landowner
- Anja, her daughter, 17 years old
- Varya, her adopted daughter, 24 years old
- Leonid Andreyevich Gayev, brother of Ranjewskaja
- Jermolaj Alexeyevich LoPachin, businessman
- Pyotr Sergeyevich Trofimov, Student
- Boris Borisovich Simeonov - Pish Tschik, landowner
- Charlotta Ivanovna, governess
- Semyon Pantelejewitsch Jepichodow, clerk
- Duniasha, maid
- Firs, lackey, an old man of 87 years
- Yasha, a young footman
- A tramp
- The stationmaster
The Cherry Orchard (Russian Вишнёвый сад / Wischnjowy sad; scientific transliteration Višnëvyj sad ) is a tragic, socially critical comedy in four acts by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. It was created in 1903 and was first performed to Chekhov's 44th birthday on January 30 ( according to the old calendar on 17 January ) 1904 in Moscow. It was the last piece of the writer, who died half a year after the premiere of tuberculosis.
The play takes place in 1900 on a Russian country estate with a manor house, surrounded by a beautiful cherry orchard. Anya, the daughter of the landowner Ranjewskaja, her mother from Paris brings back because the property is highly leveraged and has to be auctioned. The mother had fled five years ago with her lover to France after her little son was drowned in the river near gelegenem. The brother of Ranjewskaja, Gayev was unable to deal with money and enjoyed life. Also Ranjewskaja spent their money in Paris.
A rescue could the former serfs of the family, the merchant LoPachin mean, who has come into a fortune. He proposes to build dachas ( cottages ) on the property and they rent to summer visitors. The prerequisite for this would be cutting down the beautiful, but become useless cherry orchard that is currently in full bloom. Another solution would be if Varya, would marry the foster daughter of Gutbesitzerin, LoPachin, but her dream is not fulfilled. It unfolds, however, a love between the former educator of the drowned son, the eternal student Trofimov and Anya, the daughter of the landowner.
The landowner moves back to Paris, all leave the house, only the old servant Firs, which symbolizes the old days before the abolition of serfdom, included by mistake and remains motionless.
" Act One: The Cherry Orchard may have to be sold. Act II: The Cherry Orchard will be sold. Act Three: The Cherry Orchard is sold. Act Four: The Cherry Orchard has been sold. The rest: . Life " (Jean -Louis Barrault )
The Cherry Orchard, which yields no harvest, symbolized the Russian nobility, which provides no more benefit for Russian society. He has only a decorative function, it symbolizes beauty. In the end, he is cut down.
German -language editions
- Anton Chekhov: The Cherry Orchard. Tragicomedy translated into four acts, after the establishment of the Moscow art theater and introduced by Siegfried Aschkinasy and Lion Feuchtwanger, Georg Müller Verlag, Munich 1912.
- Anton P. Chekhov: The Cherry Orchard, Insel Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, inter alia, 1991, ISBN 3-458-33041-0.
- Anton Chekhov: The Cherry Orchard, Reclam Verlag, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-15-007690-0.
- 2012 by Thorsten Lensing and Jan Hein; with Ursina Lardi Aenne Black / Lisa Hrdina, Anna Grisebach, Peter Kurth, Striesow, Lars Rudolph, Rik van Uffelen, Horst Mendroch, Joachim Król, Maria Hofstätter, Valentin Jeker, Phillipp Richardt / Niels Bormann, Willi Kellers, Benjamin Eggers - Festspielhaus Hellerau - European Centre for the Arts, Dresden, a theater production of T1
- 2011 by Karin Henkel - Cologne Theatre; invited to the Berlin Theatre Meeting 2011
- 2010 by Ulrich Greb - Palace Theatre Moers
- 2009 by Sebastian Hartmann; with Maximilian Brauer, Thomas Lawinky, Peter René Lüdicke, Jana Zöll among others - Acting Leipzig
- 2006 by Lars- Ole Walburg; with Hildegard Schmahl, Brigitte Hobmeier, Christian King, Stephan bite Meier, Michael Neuenschwander, Matthias Bundschuh, Walter Hess, Theo Nabicht, René Dumont, Anna Boeger, Martin Butzke, Willy Brummer, Helmut Gillhuber, Wolfgang de Haen, Hans Hofmann, Evelyn Holzhauser, Werner Janoud, Sabine Moser, Norbert Scholl, Martha Schweikart, Georgine Spaett, Ingmar Thilo, Katharina Wendling - leans - Munich Chamber Games
- 2006 by Barbara Frey; Meike Droste, Inka Friedrich, Dagmar Manzel, Christine Schorn, Isabel Schosnig, Gábor Biedermann, Michael Gerber, Michael Goldberg, Jürgen Huth, Horst Lebinsky, Dieter Mann, Ulrich Matthes, Frank Seppeler - Deutsches Theater Berlin
- 2005 by Andrea Breth; Andrea Clausen, Sven -Eric Bechtholf, Pauline Knof, Teresa Weissbach, Udo Samel, Cornelius Obonya, Branko Samarovski, Elisabeth Orth, Michael Wittenborn, Heike Kretschmer, Ignaz Kirchner, Nicholas Ofczarek, Wolfgang Michael, Hans -Dieter Knebel - Burgtheater Vienna
- 2003 by Markus Zohner; with Patrizia Barbuiani, Gabriele Grawe, Stefania Mariani, Kolumbina Vujanovic, Nathan Prentice, Markus Zohner - Markus Zohner theater company / Lugano
- 1996 by Peter Zadek; with Angela Winkler, Josef Bichler Beer, Ulrich Wild Gruber, Theresa Hübchen, Eva Mattes, Sylvester Groth, Martin Schwab, Annemarie Düringer, Urs Hefti - Burgtheater Vienna
- 1995 by Peter Stone: with Jutta Lampe, Dorothee Hartinger, Dorte Lyssewski, Peter Simonischek, Daniel Friedrich, Sven -Eric Bechtholf, Werner Rehm, Elke Petri, Götz Schubert, Annette Paulmann, Branko Samarovski, Roland Schäfer, Michael Mendl, Oliver Stern - Salzburg Festival
David Giesel 's comedy The Plantation (2006 ) is based on the plot of the cherry orchard.
In the film, Henry 's Crime ( German: Henry & Julie ) play the piece and in particular the role of LoPachin a greater role.