The Pale

As The Pale initially, all the property of Norman rulers of Ireland's east coast has been designated, the limited to the later Middle Ages, but only to the area around Dublin ( Ireland).

As of 1169 Norman troops from England and Wales came with royal acquiescence or participation ( Henry II of England ) and the target to Ireland to subdue the country and possibly divide among themselves. Despite early successes, the situation stagnated beginning of the 14th century. Much of the island was under still or again local Irish rulers. These were formally mostly dependent on a Norman nobleman from England or Wales, but otherwise enjoyed considerable freedom.

During the 14th and 15th century, the political and cultural domination of the Normans was limited to ever narrowing coastal strip around Dublin, Wexford and enclaves in Northern Ireland. The rest of the island was dominated by Irish rulers, most of whom were wont aboriginal customs, kept up the legal system of the Brehon Laws and Irish languages ​​. It was also critically observed by contemporaries, that the Anglo-Norman nobles often very quickly adapting to the local culture, even took the Irish language and educated their children after Landesart. The English rule had fallen into such dire straits that protective measures were taken. The western border of the Pale was supported in part with ditches, fences and security systems attached (note:. Engl pale originally means " pile " and is related to this German word). The measures adopted in 1366 Statutes of Kilkenny even the use of the Irish language was brought in Pale punishable. 1494 Poynings ' Laws and in 1690 the Penal Laws were enacted.

Only in the course of the 16th century, when the colonizing England systematic and successful were the Pale lost its importance. What remains is in the English language to the present day, the term beyond the pale, as " totally unacceptable ", " completely outside of any order " or " uncivilized ".

In English, the term Pale is also used for other areas, including the Pale of Settlement, ie the Pale of Settlement in Czarist Russia, where the Jews were allowed the establishment.

  • Irish history