The Theresianumgasse called government investment with buildings dating back several centuries in Vienna 's 4th district, Favoriten Strasse 15, serves as the seat of the public high school of the Foundation Theresianische Academy, as the building for short Theresianumgasse, and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. Both institutions have a tradition spanning centuries. Since 2011, the Foundation also kindergarten and elementary school.
1288 an estate was detectable in this area. 1614 the estate with fields, meadows and vineyards was acquired by the Imperial Household, was first described as a Favoritenhof 1623 and served as the seat of the widow Empress Anna of Austria - Tyrol, Eleonora Gonzaga and Eleonora Magdalena Gonzaga of Mantua - Nevers. For this, the estate was remodeled in 1642 to according to plans by Giovanni Battista Carlone for pleasure palace with pleasure garden called Favorita.
The emperors Leopold I, Joseph I and Charles VI. served the Favorita as a preferred summer residence. During this time, extensions were built, repaired the destruction at the second Turkish siege in 1683, created and sold some of the fields.
Charles VI. Daughter, Maria Theresa, heiress to the throne in the Austrian dominions, in the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Kingdom of Hungary and since 1745, when her husband, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, was dubbed the Empress preferred summer residence of Schönbrunn Palace and let it expand. At this decision may have contributed to the Favorita that concerned location and architecture, with Belvedere Castle could not compete, the victorious for Habsburg commander Eugene of Savoy, Charles VI. richly, had built about 800 meters to the east using a prominent hillside.
The baroque Favorita (it was now called New Favorita, the Old Favorita had been in the Augarten ) in the suburb of Wieden handed Maria Theresa to the Jesuits - with the condition that in an educational institution, a knight's academy for the benefit of general nature, but especially the noble youth to set up. Main task should be the attraction of educated and loyal government officials and diplomats. In the 18th and 19th centuries, followed by various extensions and increases in the building.
1783 sparked the reformer Joseph II in the Austrian hereditary lands all knights academies, as well as the Theresianumgasse on. Approved in 1797, Emperor Franz II as sovereign reopening under the management of Piaristen. The facade was rebuilt in the classical style. After the revolution of 1848, Emperor Franz Joseph I. admission of sons of the middle class as a student.
The Oriental Academy, founded by Maria Theresa in 1754 was since the 19th century in Theresianumgasse. In 1900, renamed, moved the Consular Academy in 1904 in their newly constructed building of its own ( 9, Boltzmanngasse 16, 1947 Embassy of the United States). It was repealed in 1938 by the Nazi regime. Their function was established in 1964 by the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna (see below) resumes.
After the "Anschluss " of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, the Nazis dissolved the Theresianische Academy and taught at March 13, 1939, exactly one year after the "Anschluss ", in the buildings of a National Political Education Institute ( Before the Fall ) a. 1944/1945, the plant was badly damaged by bombs and grenades. In 1945 the buildings were occupied in occupied postwar Austria by the Soviet occupying power fitting, which controlled the 4th District in the four-sector city of Vienna. She handed the Theresianumgasse the USIA, the administration of Soviet Property in Austria.
After the State Treaty of 1955, the Austrian State and the Foundation Theresianumgasse received the property on September 20, 1955 refunded, and in September 1957, the school system of the private school with public status could be resumed. The restoration of the damaged buildings in the war was made by the State 1956-1964. In 1964 in a part of the buildings erected by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Diplomatic Academy of Vienna on the operation, which Wiener Institution for this theme, after 60 years returned back to Theresianumgasse.
Since 1989, students are taken in high school.
The gymnasium in the presence
In addition to general education, the focus of the school is in the language education - the compulsory subjects include English than German, French, Latin, Russian and mathematics - and in the education of internationality. Special emphasis is placed on politeness and good appearance. An additional service is available in the areas of sport, art, creativity, information and communication technology and music, and economic projects. The school is run as half-and full boarding.
The school campus is 50,000 square meters and includes a soccer field, and a fun court, two soccer fields, a swimming pool, a tennis court, a running track, two beach volleyball courts, a basketball court, a large, divisible gymnasium and a smaller, older hall, two are climbing walls as well as other sporting items available.
Currently, nearly 800 students attend the Theresianische Academy. Many come from more distant states or from abroad and have the opportunity to live in a boarding school in this case.
The Professor choice meets the respective school management in cooperation with the Vienna Board of Education. The boarding school, as well as some activities are shared with the Lycée Français de Vienne.
- Josef Franz de Paula Hieronymus von Colloredo - Waldsee - Mels, 1732-1812, Bishop of Gurk and Prince Archbishop of Salzburg
- Vincent Joseph of Schrattenbach, 1744-1816, Prince-Bishop of Lavant and Bishop of Brno
- Wilhelm Florentin von Salm -Salm, 1745-1810, Bishop of Tournai and Archbishop of Prague
- Johann Prokop Schaffgotsch, 1748-1813, Auxiliary Bishop of Prague and Bishop of Budweis
- Franz Xaver II Altgraf of Salm- Reifferscheidt Herb Home, 1749-1822, Prince-Bishop of Gurk, Cardinal and organizer of the first ascent of the Grossglockner
- Franz von Spaun, 1753-1826, Austrian jurist, mathematician, and nonconformist writers
- Ferenc Széchenyi, 1754-1820, Hungarian scholar and founder of the Hungarian National Library
- Josef Wenzel Radetzky von Radetz, 1766-1858, Austrian field marshal, knight of the Golden Fleece
- Ignaz Edler von Mitis, 1771-1842, Austrian engineer and chemist, inventor of the Schweinfurt green
- Ignacy Hilary Count Ledochowski, 1789-1870, Austrian and Polish general
- Joseph Jelacic of Bužim, 1801-1859, k.k. officer
- Moritz Freiherr Ebner von Eschenbach, 1815-1898, Austrian engineer, inventor and writer, husband and supporter of Marie von Ebner -Eschenbach
- Tivadar Puskás, 1844-1893, Hungarian engineer and inventor
- Karl Lueger, politicians and mayor of Vienna, graduation year of 1862
- Olivier Marquis de Bacquehem, commercial and Minister of the Interior 1847-1917
- Ernest von Koerber, 1850-1919, bourgeois- liberal politician of Austria-Hungary.
- Wilhelm Carl Gustav Ritter von Doderer 1854-1932, Austrian architect, engineer and contractor
- Alfonso XII., 1857-1885, King of Spain
- Konstantin Jirecek, Swedish politician, diplomat, historian and Slawist
- Peter Altenberg, letters, graduation year of 1876
- Wladimir Ledochowski, General of the Society of Jesus, graduation year of 1884
- Count István Bethlen Bethlen, 1874-1946 (?), Hungarian politician and Prime Minister
- Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet, pediatrician, bacteriologist and immunologist, graduation year of 1892
- Baron Franz Nopcsa of Felsöszilvás, founder of palaeophysiology and Albania researchers, graduation year of 1892
- Friedrich Hasenohrl, physicists, graduation year of 1892
- Fritz von Herzmanovsky Orlando, writer and artist, graduation year of 1896
- Edgar Leon Calle Ernst, 1879-1955, Austrian composer and pianist
- Rudolf Sieczynski, 1879-1952, Austrian Viennese song - composer, writer and official
- Ernst August von Hoffman Thal, 1829-1915, German Wiener Song Composer
- Joseph Schumpeter, 1883-1950, economist
- Odo Neustadter-Sturmer, politicians, graduation year of 1905
- Richard Nikolaus Graf Coudenhove -Kalergi, writer, politician and founder of the Pan- movement
- Teddy Kern, 1900-1949, actor
- Egon Brunswik, 1903-1955, American psychologist
- Godfrey Edward Arnold, 1914-1989, physicians, Phoniatriker, Explorers of speech defects and disorders of the vocal cords
- Ertuğrul Osman, 1912-2009, head of the House Osman
- Hans Jaray, actor, writer and director
- Ernst Gombrich, an art historian, graduation year of 1927
- Max Ferdinand Perutz, chemist and Nobel Prize winner in 1962, year of graduation 1932
- Herbert Hinterleithner, poet and painter, graduation year of 1934
- Rolf Olsen, actor, director and screenwriter, 1919-1998
- Hans Hass, biologist, underwater pioneer and documentary filmmaker, graduation year of 1937
- Peter Zinner, editor and Oscar winner, graduation year of 1937
- Kurt Schubert, Judaic scholar, graduation year of 1941
- Werner Fasslabend, politician and jurist, graduation year of 1963
- Hans Winkler, Austrian diplomat and Secretary of State, graduation year of 1963
- Alexander guards, actor, director and theater manager, graduation year of 1966
- Thomas litter, officer, medical chief and commander of the medical school of Vienna, graduation year of 1968
- Angyan Thomas, Director of the Society of Friends of Music in Vienna, graduation year of 1971
- Rudolf Striedingers, Officer, graduation year of 1979
- Dimitris Droutsas, Greek politician, graduation year of 1986
- Nicholas Scherak, Member of Parliament, Matura group 2004