Thibodaux ( tɪbədoʊ ) is a small city in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is the third oldest city in Lafourche Parish and as well as its administrative headquarters and is located about 120 km southwest of New Orleans. It is located in the area known as the Bayou Lafourche foothills area of the Mississippi delta system.
The population was according to the census of 2010 14.566 inhabitants and is increased only slightly compared to the 2000 census; of which 6,709 male and 7,857 female.
Organization and administration of
Thibodaux is part of the Houma - Bayou Cane- today Thibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The current Mayor Tommy Eschete sparked the end of 2010 from the long-standing Mayor Charles Caillouet.
The indigenous population, the Chitimacha, are members of a North American Indian tribe of the Algonquian language family macro - and were once the most powerful tribe on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico west of present-day Florida.
The church was built in the 18th century and received in 1830 the name Thibodauxville, named after the local plantation owners and interim governor of Louisiana Henry S. Thibodaux. It received city rights in 1838 and was renamed in Thibodeaux. The current spelling Thibodaux was adopted in 1918.
In October, 1862, following the Battle of Georgia to Labadieville, Thibodaux, was currently under the command of General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, occupied by the Union army under Godfrey Weitzel in East Louisiana. Blacks and whites fled then to the cities. Under General Alfred Mouton settlements, bridges, sugar cane plantations and warehouses were burned. In the following period, the plantation owners had to close difficulties, labor contracts with the black population.
An organized by the Knights of Labor strike by sugarcane workers culminated in the " Thibodaux Massacre " from 1 to 4 November 1887 the zweitblutigsten labor dispute in U.S. history. This strike was for higher wages for 10,000 workers (only 1,000 of them were white ) fought, whereby the important sugar crop for this region was no longer assured. The plantation owners were supported by outside organizations by the thought of losing the whole crop, what outsiders alarmed. Involved were the plantations in the Parishes Terrebonne and Lafourche. At the request of the plantation owners, the governor called out the militia added. Efforts to end the strike, led to the killing of a total of 30-35 African-American workers who were committed mainly by white supporters of the paramilitary.
2008 film The Man Who Came Back was filmed, based on the Thibodaux Massacre.
Economy and Transport
The economy is represented by the local Chamber of Commerce, Thibodaux Chamber of Commerce.
Thibodaux is served by the 4 km south Thibodaux Municipal Airport.
Culture and sights
Culturally Thibodaux belongs to the sphere of influence belonging to Acadiana with a high proportion of French-speaking inhabitants.
Thibodaux is home to the Nicolls State University.
The National Register of Historic Places listed with status 2013 31 historical sites.
The high proportion of Catholics in Louisiana is reflected in the Houma - Thibodaux Diocese.
The Catholic patron saint of Thibodaux are Saint Valérie, a former Christian martyr, and Saint Vitalis, † around the year AD 60, her husband, was also a martyr. A life-sized relic of Saint Valérie, which should include an arm bones was brought to Thibodaux in 1868 and is on display in her shrine at St. Joseph Co-Cathedral in Thibodaux. A smaller reliquary with a relic of St. Vitalis is on display near the St. Valérie. St. Valérie is still commonly called today to protect against hurricanes Thibodaux, especially in 2008 to protect against hurricane Ike
The town was immortalized in Hank Williams Jambalaya ( On The Bayou ), in the song Amos Moses by Jerry Reed, in Adalida George Strait, Dixie Beauxderaunt by Dan Baird, in I want to play for gumbo from Jimmy Buffett and Creole Woman by Toby Keith mentioned. Furthermore Thibodaux is the title of a song the jazz singer Marcia ball
Richard D' Alton Williams, a well-known Irish patriot, writer and physicist of the 19th century, died 1862 in Thibodaux from tuberculosis, and was buried in the St. Joseph Cemetery. His grave stone was erected regiment later in the year by Irish members of the 8th New Hampshire Infantry. A famous blues musician from Mississippi, Eddie " Guitar Slim " Jones, was buried in Thibodaux, where he often played and where his manager, Hosea Hill lived.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Henry S. Thibodaux, (1769-1827), namesake of the city, plantation owners and politicians in Louisiana
- Bannon Goforth Thibodeaux (1812-1866), politician
- Walter Guion (1849-1927), lawyer and politician
- John Robichaux (1866-1939), musician
- Numa F. Montet (1892-1985), politician
- Lloyd Lambert (1928-1995), musician
- Mary Gauthier (born 1962 ), singer
- Graham Patrick Martin (* 1991), actor
Personalities with great influence on the city
- Edward Douglass White, Sr., (1795-1847), American politician and Governor of Louisiana
- Dougless Edward White, Jr., (1845-1921), American politician, judge of the Supreme Court