The Thiruvananthapuram ( Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം ജില്ല Tiruvanantapuram Jilla; formerly Trivandrum) is the southernmost district of the Indian state of Kerala. Council is based in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala.
The Thiruvananthapuram District is located on the Malabar Coast of southwestern Indian state of Kerala, near the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. It has an area of 2,192 square kilometers. The Thiruvananthapuram District is bordered on the west by the Arabian Sea, to the north by the Kollam District, on the east by the district of Tirunelveli and to the southeast by the district of Kanyakumari. The last two are already part of the neighboring Federal State of Tamil Nadu.
The coastline of the district Thiruvananthapuram is 78 kilometers. As is typical of Kerala, the landscape goes from the fertile coastal plain in the west to the densely forested mountains of the Western Ghats, forming the natural border with Tamil Nadu in the east. The highest elevation in the district area is the 1,868 meters high Agastya Malai.
The Thiruvananthapuram District is divided into four taluks Chirayinkeezhu, Nedumangad, Thiruvananthapuram and Neyyattinkara.
The area of the district of Thiruvananthapuram originally belonged to the Kingdom of Travancore. King Marthanda Varma in 1750 moved its capital from further south today to Tamil Nadu associated Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram. During the British colonial period Travancore was a nominally independent princely state under British suzerainty. After Indian independence, Travancore united in 1949 with the princely state of Travancore -Cochin Cochin for Federation and completed the connection to India. 1956 was the Thiruvananthapuram District one of the districts of the newly founded through the merger of Travancore -Cochin and Malabar district of the State of Madras state of Kerala.
According to the 2011 census, the Thiruvananthapuram District has 3,307,284 inhabitants. In terms of population, it is after Malappuram the second largest district of Kerala. The population density is 1,509 inhabitants per square kilometer, the highest of all districts of Kerala and almost twice as high as in the already high average of Kerala. The literacy ratio, which was 92.6 % about the mean of Kerala, but is well above the all-India average of 74.0 %.
The population of the district of Thiruvananthapuram place after the 2001 census Hindus with 68.1 % majority. Their share is higher than in most other areas of denominational strongly mixed state of Kerala. To profess Christianity in Thiruvananthapuram District 18.1%, Islam 13.3% of the population.
Economy and infrastructure
In addition to agriculture (mainly cultivation of coconut trees ) and fishing is tourism, which is becoming more and more important in the whole of Kerala, is an important economic factor in the Thiruvananthapuram District. With Kovalam and Varkala, the two most important beach resorts of Kerala in the district area. The city of Thiruvananthapuram is also the site of the Technopark Kerala.
Parallel to the coast there are the National Highway 47 and a railroad through the Thiruvananthapuram District. The Thiruvananthapuram Airport is one of two international airports in Kerala. In the south of Thiruvananthapuram city Vizhinjam is the construction of a deepwater port in planning.