Early years and legal career
Thomas Sterling was still an infant when his parents moved to McLean County in Illinois with him in 1854. There came in 1857, his brother John to the world, which should also become a politician and later sat for Illinois from 1915 to 1918 in the U.S. House of Representatives. After attending the public schools he studied at the Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, where he made his degree in 1875. He later acted as a school until 1877 Affairs of the City Bement.
Sterling completed his legal training and was admitted to the bar in 1878, after which he began practicing in Springfield. From 1880 to 1881 he worked as a prosecutor. In 1882 he moved to Dakota Territory, where he first settled in Northville and later in Redfield. Between 1886 and 1888 he was the district attorney in Spink County. At the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, he served from 1901 to 1911 as dean of the law school.
1889 Thomas Sterling was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of South Dakota; the following year he was a member of the State Senate. In 1912 he went to in the Republican primary against the incumbent U.S. Senator Robert J. Gamble and sat down just as much as by later in the actual election, after which he moved to Congress on March 4, 1913. Six years later he was confirmed in office until he, in turn, in 1924, renewed his party's nomination failed, and thus had to resign from the Senate on March 3, 1925. During his tenure, he served as Chairman of the Committee on the Public Service.
Following his Senate career Sterling worked as a lawyer in Washington and a member of the Law Faculty of the National University in La Jolla. U.S. President Calvin Coolidge appointed him in 1925 in the Commission in preparation for the celebrations of the 200th birthday of George Washington. Thomas Sterling died in 1930 in Washington.