Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
The National Park Thung Luang Salaeng ( Thai อุทยานแห่งชาติ ทุ่ง แสลง หลวง ) is a national park in the provinces ( Changwat ) Phitsanulok and Phetchabun in the northern region of Thailand.
By 1959 Thung Salaeng been proposed as a site for a national park in Thailand, which eventually happened in 1972. From the 1960s to the 1980s, the area was dominated by communist insurgents, who had built a larger base for their activities in the northeast of here.
The center of the National Park Thung Luang Salaeng is located about 80 kilometers east of Phitsanulok. It is about 1262 km ² large that corresponds 789,000 Rai.
The landscape of the national park is in the south mostly flat, otherwise equipped with hilly terrain of sandstone, and thus offers good conditions for hiking. The height above sea level varies between 300 m and 1,028 m. Through the park flies the Wang Thong River. Larger brines are located in the north- west at Pong Sai and southwest at Pong Thung Phaya.
The annual average temperature is around 25 ° C, the maximum temperatures often reach 30 ° C and more. The average annual rainfall amounts to 1.7 meters.
Fauna and Flora
The tree landscape is dominated by deciduous forest and has bushes, as is typical for plains of Southeast Asia. Smaller areas can be covered by Always Green Forest. In November, the main flowering period. Here is an extract from the plant diversity:
- Jambolanapflaume, ( Syzygium cumini )
- Pinus merkusii, ( in English: Sumatran Pine )
- Baccaurea ramiflora, ( in English: Burmese grape )
- Toona ciliata
- Hydnocarpus ilicifolia
- Magnolia champaca
- Hopea ferrea
- Musa balbisiana
- Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb.
Numerous animal species are found in the National Park Thung Luang Salaeng: next to the endangered tigers are, among others, the elephant, and the civet cat. Other animals are:
- Cervus unicolor
- Thick-billed Green Pigeon ( Treron curvirostra )
- Bengal sailors ( Cypsiurus balasiensis )
- Indian Roller, ( coracias benghalensis)
- Grey-headed Kanarienschnäpper, ( Culicicapa ceylonensis )
- Amboina Box Turtle ( Cuora amboinensis )
- Green Whip Snake, ( Ahaetulla prasina )
- Namtok Kaeng Sopha ( Kaeng Sopha Waterfall - ) ( Thai: น้ำตก แก่ง โสภา ) - three-step waterfall in the course of the Wang Thong
- Thung Luang Salaeng ( ทุ่ง แสลง หลวง ) - Grass Landscape
- Thung Nang Phaya ( ทุ่ง นางพญา ) - grass landscape with beautiful inventory of pine
- Thung Non Son ( ทุ่ง โนน สน ) - a meadow landscape in the fall ( October, November ) is widely covered with blossom flowers.
- Tham Phra Wang Daeng ( ถ้ำ พ ระวัง แดง ) and Tham Duean, Tham Dao ( ถ้ำ เดือน, ถ้ำ ดาว ) - Caves ( stalagmites, stalactites )