Tiksi (Russian Тикси, Yakut Тиксии / Tiksii ) is a harbor village on the north coast of the Arctic Ocean autonomous Russian Republic of Sakha ( Yakutia). The urban-type settlement has 5063 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ) and is the administrative center of the Rajons ( Ulus ) Bulun.
- 2.1 Population development
Tiksi located in the north of Siberia east of Charaulachrückens, a northern spur of the Verkhoyansk Mountains. The one- north and south village is located on the west coast of the Tiksibucht, part of the Laptev Sea ( Arctic Ocean ) belonging Buor - Haya - golf. North past the northern part Tiksis flows in southwest-northeast direction of the Chorogor which opens shortly thereafter in the Neelowagolf. From this district from the northeast to the Peninsula Bykowski joins, which separates the Tiksibucht in the south and in the north Neelowagolf each other. Around 6 km from the northern part lies the southern part of Tiksi. The highest elevation in the area is 319 m of about 4 km west from the southern part of the town situated Stolovaya.
About 55 kilometers west of Tiksi flows beyond Charaulach and Tuora - Sis - back ( further north foothills of Verkhoyansk Mountains ), the Lena, who removed the to the north ranging from Neelowagolf and minimally 22 km (each crow flies) from the northern part of the village Lena Delta is formed.
By the seaside location prevails in Tiksi milder climate than in Central Siberia, but the average monthly temperature is rising here in only four months of the year (June to September) over the freezing point.
Tiksi was created in 1933 ( according to other sources as early as 1930), as here, a harbor was built in connection with plans for the use of the Northern Sea Route. Back in 1939, the place obtained the status of an urban-type settlement. The port gained economic importance quickly. Until 1954, were processed up to 25 % of freight by over Tiksi Yakutia, where the cargo was shipped by sea to river boats and transported via the Lena. With the completion of the addition route of the Trans -Siberian Railway from Taischet to Ust- Kut on the upper reaches of the Lena cargo traffic went over Tiksi back drastically and made in 1961 only 3% of goods imported under Yakutia goods from.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and by the economic crisis of the 1990s in Russia, the population of the town declined dramatically. The harbor is prostrate by the unprofitability of the Northeast Passage. For the Soviet times relatively well -served populations, there are now barely working and living facilities, so many people have left the settlement.
Note: Census data
Economy and infrastructure
Tiksi has a located in the southern part of the village harbor on the north-east passage, and since the 1950s, one lying in the northern part of the town airport ( ICAO code UEST ), which is also used by the Russian Air Force. He has a 3000 -meter-long airstrip.
At the site there is a monitoring station of SDKM system.