Shortage of time is a concept from the game of chess and refers to the distress of a player, when there is little time appears in a discharged with chess game available to make a certain number of trains or to play the game before the end of the maximum allowable time limit to end.
The term shortage of time was taken as the Germanism in many languages, including in Russian.
Definition of the time constraints
Time pressure is felt subjectively different from chess players. Particularly good blitz chess players usually have no difficulty to run multiple trains within seconds.
In general, it is in the last five minutes before a time control of shortage of time, if still auszuführendem per train less than 30 seconds thinking time available. The FIDE Laws of Chess (Article 8.3) allow a player located under time pressure to refrain at this stage on the note of his features. This then takes on a chess referee, optionally also intervenes when exceeding the time limit.
Causes of lack of time in chess
There may be several reasons that a player often gets into time trouble. Clean schachlich justified reasons, such as the surprise by a strong handling of the opening of the opponent and lack of familiarity with the resulting position, only make up a minority of cases. In the opinion of Mark Dworezki is in many cases before a psychological problem. The suffering under time pressure player is often indecisive, consumed time for obvious traits and not trusts his intuition. He has too much time on unimportant position nuances. Some players get in time trouble, because they unconsciously seek an excuse for the loss of games. To avoid time trouble is recommended to regularly record the reflection consumption during a game and analyze in retrospect, whether he was reasonable.
Behavior in conditions of short cooling-off period
Avoiding the "Time Management" and behaviors and strategies, lack of time or over-consumption of the available thinking time, are part of the chess training, which belong to the realm of practical chess psychology. There are often positions in which the search for the optimal train must be stopped in time to make a choice between several good trains and to keep enough time place for future decisions left.
Nonetheless, many famous masters had often to struggle with time constraints, such as Samuel Reshevsky and Friedrich Sämisch. Even at the World Championships was pressed for time play crucial already in important games. Mikhail Botvinnik worked systematically to not get into time trouble by playing training matches in which he mainly took care to improve his reflection division.
Conversely, there are specialists who use the game with a narrow reflection as a psychological trick. In a difficult situation would, so Alexei Suetin, certain masters who are accustomed to " time constraints affairs ", and sometimes deliberately cause a brief period of reflection and make the opponent so that a "psychological trap".