Tobolsk (Russian Тобольск ) is a Russian city of Tyumen Oblast in the east of the Ural Mountains with 99 694 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ). It lies opposite the mouth of the Tobol in the Irtysh.
Tobolsk is located in the settlement area of the Khanty, Mansi, Nenets and Selkups. It is to Tyumen is the oldest Russian city in Siberia. It was founded in 1587 by the Cossack by Daniil Chulkov as Ostrog. Nearby there was Qashliq or Isker, the capital of the Khanate of Sibir. 1621 Tobolsk became the center of the Eparchy of Siberia. In the 17th and 18th century, the settlement became the commercial center of the region on the Irtysh River, from 1712 it was the administrative center of the province Siberia, and later of Tobolsk government and is considered as the ancient capital of Siberia called. Tobolsk is home to the oldest theater in Siberia.
Former trading house in Tobolsk
Climate chart of Tobolsk
2004 Places Irtyschski, Mendelejewo, Werchnefilatowo, Alemassowa, Anissimowa, Wolgina, Saschtschitina, Syrjanowa and Sawina were incorporated. Through the incorporation of Tobolsk exceeded the limit of 100,000 inhabitants, and thus was given the status of a city. In the following years, the population decreased slightly and in 2010 was for the actual city at 99 698. However, part of the state circuit except Tobolsk nor the settlement Sumkino with 3,887 inhabitants, so that the total population of the urban district is 103 585. Of the population, 2011 75.6 % Russians, 16.0% Tatars, 2.5% Ukrainians, 0.6 % German, 0.6 % Belarusians, 0.5% Bashkir, 0.3% were of January 1, Azerbaijanis and 3.3% members of other ethnic groups.
Note: from 1897 census data
The main attraction of the city is untypical for Siberia stone Kremlin, whose expansion was arranged by Peter the Great. In the museum of the city is a rich collection of the culture of the Khanty and Mansi.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Alexander Abdulov (1953-2008), actor
- Nikolai Afanasyev (1821-1898), violinist and composer
- Alyabyev Alexander (1787-1851), composer
- Gavriil Batenkow (1793-1863), Colonel and writer
- Kokorinow Alexander (1726-1772), architect
- Jelena Korikowa (born 1972 ), actress and singer
- Dmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907), Chemist
- Nikolai Nikitin (1907-1973), architect
- Yuri Osipov ( b. 1936 ), mathematician and mechanic, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Vasily Perov (1834-1882), painter
- Vladimir Polonsky (1893-1937), politician
- Semyon Remezov ( 1642- after 1720 ), geographer and historian
Individuals with regard to the city
- August von Kotzebue (1761-1819), novelist and playwright; was banned in the summer of 1800 for a few months to Tobolsk
- Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov (1815-1869), writer and teacher
- Tsar Nicholas II and his family; were spent on 26 August 1917 some time in the city
- John of Tobolsk (1651-1715), Bishop and Metropolitan and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church
- Karl Radek (1885-1939), Russian revolutionary, was in 1927 in exile in Tobolsk