Tongling (Chinese铜陵 市) is a prefecture-level city with 716 300 inhabitants Industry (2004) in Anhui Province of the People's Republic of China. It has an area of 1,113 km ². The city is located on the southeastern shore of the Yangtze River at the foot of Anhui Mountains, approximately 350 kilometers west of Shanghai, and 120 km south of Hefei.
At county level, Tongling is made up of three districts and one county. These are:
- Municipality Tongguanshan (铜官 山区), 30 km ², 270,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Shizishan (狮子 山区), 53 km ², 70,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Jiao ( " suburb "; Jiaoqu郊区), 154 km ², 50,000 inhabitants;
- Tongling county (铜陵县), 876 km ², 320,000 inhabitants, capital: greater community Wusong (五 松 镇).
The beginnings Tonglings go to the beginning of the Han Dynasty 1,500 years ago back. Because of its copper and tin deposits, it was early an important economic center for the production of bronze. The importance of the city for business and commerce grew steadily until the era of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, during the Japanese occupation between 1938 and 1945 and especially under the Communist government since 1949.
Business and industry
Wealth and economic importance of the city based on its significant mineral deposits, in particular the copper mines and the metal processing industry. Are broken down in the mines of the environment: iron, coal, gold, silver and tin to more than 20 rare minerals such as nickel, cadmium, gallium, molybdenum, germanium and selenium. Other major industries include chemicals - and construction, electronics, engineering and food industries.
Just as important the industry is the agricultural production in the neighboring countryside. Produced and processed rice, wheat, cotton, beans, garlic, herbs for the pharmaceutical and ginger. Fish abundance of Chang Jang is based on fishing and fish processing industry.
1995 in Tongling a suspension bridge over the Yangtze River built, which, with its length of 2.6 km, the third largest of its kind in the world.
The Yangtze River is one of the last refuges for the River Dolphin (Latin Lipotes vexillifer, chines. Baiji ), one of the rarest mammals in the world. In Tongling Tongling in Lake and Oxbow Lake Shishou two reserves have been established, in which the few surviving in the river dolphins have been relocated.
There is a partnership between the cities of Tongling and Marbach am Neckar. In honor of this connection is a Schiller bust in local Tianjinhu park near the town hall.