Tonio Borg

Tonio Borg ( born May 12, 1957 in Floriana, Malta) is a Maltese politician of the Nationalist Party, a longtime minister and since November 2012 Member of the European Commission.


Study and election to the

After his school education at St. Aloysius ' College in Birkirkara, he studied law at the University of Malta. He graduated in 1979 with a doctorate Doctor of Laws ( LL.D. ). During his subsequent career as a lawyer, he specialized in the field of human rights and was also well Lecturer in Public Law at the University of Malta. Between 1987 and 1992, he was then director of the Mid-Med Bank Ltd.. in Valletta.

At the age of 17 he joined the Nationalist Party in 1974 and took its youth organization ( Moviment Żgħażagħ Partit Nazzjonalista ) from 1983 to 1985 as a member of the Executive Board of the today's Youth of the European People's Party. He was also from 1988 to 1995 President of the General Council of the Nationalist Party.

1990 saw the appointment of Dr. Borg Member of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ( CPT). In this role he was also a member of the Council of Europe delegations for inspections of prisons in Sweden, Italy, Greece, the United Kingdom and Bulgaria.

After he had in 1981 and in 1987 advertised as a candidate of the PN unsuccessfully for the House of Representatives, 1992, he was first elected deputies and took there first the constituency 7 In the parliamentary elections of 1996, 1998, 2003 and 2008, he was in each case re-elected as deputy and represented recently the constituency of 8

Following the election of 1992 he became a member of the Malta Environment and Planning Authority, where he remained until April, 1995 in September 1992. During this time he was first alternate member and then member of the Parliamentary delegation of his native country at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and also a member of the Joint Parliamentary Committee of the European Parliament and the House of Representatives. He continued in this position again from 1996 to 1998.

Minister and Deputy Party Chairman

In April 1995 he was appointed by Prime Minister Edward Fenech Adami as interior minister for the first time into the cabinet and held this office until the election defeat in October 1996. During the subsequent opposition, he was one from October 1996 to September 1998 as spokesman for the PN of the Interior to the shadow cabinet Fenech Adami on.

After the electoral victory of his Partit Nazzjonalista he was appointed by Prime Minister Fenech Adami on 8 September 1998 back to the Home Secretary. In addition to his portfolio fell environmental policy. After confirmation of the government through the parliamentary elections of April 2003, he took over the government in addition to the Office of the Minister of the Interior in addition the Office of the Minister of Justice.

After the resignation of PN - chairman Fenech Adami, who ran for the office of President, he was elected to the Congress of the Nationalist Party in March 2004 as Vice-Chairman of the PN. As such, he is committed to maintaining the conservative goals of PN. The newly elected party leader Lawrence Gonzi, who also was Fenech Adami's successor as Prime Minister, Borg appointed immediately after the Congress, Deputy Prime Minister and Interior and Justice Minister. As Deputy Prime Minister, he is the successor of Gonzi at the same time majority leader of the PN in the House of Representatives ( Leader of the House of Representatives ).

As interior minister, he campaigned as part of a European asylum and refugee policy for EU aid to Mediterranean refugees to solve the Maltese refugee problem and the resultant to European criticism. As Minister of Justice he signed the accession of Malta to the European Law Academy in April 2007.

After the narrow election victory of the Partit Nazzjonalista in the parliamentary elections of 8 March 2008, he was re-elected Prime Minister Gonzi from the Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and majority leader of the PN in the House of Representatives appointed. As foreign minister and successor of Michael Frendo it looks next to the contact with the European Union and relations with Arab states in the Middle East, such as Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. In addition, he also strove for a migration pact to control EU immigration policy. As part of a Maltese immigration policy while a Central Visa Unit was created in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in February 2009.

EU Health Commissioner

In October 2012 Borg was proposed by Lawrence Gonzi as the new EU Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection. The former incumbent and fellow countryman John Dalli had previously resigned over allegations of fraud. In advance of the hearing in the European Parliament criticized Borg because of his very conservative views on homosexuality, equality and abortion was loud.

Also corruption allegations against him were on the topic: Borg to have been personally involved, that the Kazakh Rakhat Aliyev came former ambassador to Malta to enjoy a residence permit. Aliyev is accused, among other things, the murder of two Kazakh bankers, extortion, bribery and money laundering. Despite the existing criticism has been confirmed at 281 votes against and 28 abstentions Tonio Borg by the European Parliament with 386 votes. He took office on 27 November 2012.

On 13 3 2014 seed Regulation by the European Parliament with 650 votes to 15 was rejected. So approximately 97.7 % against. Borg was to vote as Commissioner responsible for it. He was asked to resign.


  • " Malta 's Euro - Mediterranean Vocation ", XXV Euro -Med Seminar, St Julians, July 14, 2008