Treaty of Greenville

The Treaty of Greenville was at Fort Greenville (now Greenville, Ohio) signed on August 3, 1795 by an alliance of Native Americans and the United States, after the Indians had lost the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The treaty marked the end of the Northwest Indian Wars. The United States was represented by General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, who had defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers. In exchange for goods to the value of $ 20,000 ( such as blankets, utensils and pets ), leaving the Indians the United States large parts of present-day Ohio, the future site of Chicago and the Fort Detroit area.

The leaders of the Native Americans who had signed the treaty, were members of the following tribes:

  • Wyandot
  • Lenape (several groups)
  • Shawnee
  • Ottawa (several groups)
  • Anishinabe
  • Potawatomi (several groups)
  • Miami (several groups)
  • Wea
  • Kickapoo
  • Kaskaskia

The treaty established the what became known as the " Greenville Treaty Line" and several years of a boundary between the territory of the Native Americans and the land that was open to white settlers formed. The settlers often disregarded the contract limit, as they settled on land that was the Native Americans assured by the contract. The boundary formed the mouth of the Cuyahoga River at the present site of Cleveland and then ran south along the river to the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas River in the what Lakes area between Akron and Canton is now known as Portage. Then we went down the Tuscarawas to Fort Laurens near present-day Bolivar and from there west-southwest for today nearby Fort Loramie on the banks of the Great Miami River. From then on, the border ran west-northwest to Fort Recovery on the Wabash River, near the present border of the states of Ohio and Indiana. From Fort Recovery, we went south-southwest to the Ohio River to a point opposite the mouth of the Kentucky River, where today's Carrollton, Kentucky is located.