Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte
The Treaty of Saint- Clair -sur -Epte was on July 11, 911 between the French King Charles III. and Rollo, the Jarl of the Normans, closed. This contract, which is not received in writing, the birth record of Normandy.
Charles III. entered into this agreement - in the face of an imminent conquest of the Normans in Neustria - the area between the Epte and the Oise with the exception of the Vexin français at Rollo from. These were the counties and bishoprics Rouen, Evreux and Lisieux what the Haute-Normandie region plus the corresponding Pays d'Auge today.
Rollo was baptized, married Gisela, an illegitimate daughter of Charles, Charles made the oath of allegiance, for which he again received his country as a fief, and took over the task of defending the country against the encroachments of other Normans.
The planned ceremony led to complications, because Rollo refused to add kneel before the king and kiss his foot. The compromise was that one of blinds confidant lifted the foot of the king so much that Rollo did not have to kneel - and the king lost his balance and fell to the ground.
Dudone Sancti Quintini. De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum. Lair, J. (ed.). Caen 1865.