Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
The Triple Crown of horse racing (the " Triple Crown " ) consists of the profit of the three classic races for three year old horses. Winning all three races is the biggest challenge for a race horse, because it so its versatility and power stability over an entire racing season proves.
According to an old English Turfweisheit the frühreifste horse wins the " 2,000 Guineas race ," the best horse the " St. Leger, "but the happiest horse the" Derby ".
In recent years, winning the " Triple Crown " has become rare since most horses have become specialized for certain distances and for a Derby winner now more attractive and higher richest race as the " St. Leger " are (" Prix de l' Arc de Triomphe "," Breeders' Cup "). The Triple Crown is available in several countries, such as UK, USA, Canada, Japan and Germany.
The " Triple Crown " is usually just an honorary title. In the U.S. there is but for some years a special bonus and also in England has a great bookmaker company awarded a special prize of £ 1 million for the winner of all three classical race for stallions in a year several years ago.
In the UK, following the race for Triple Crown series include:
- » The Two Thousand Guineas Stakes " in Newmarket Heath, Newmarket, Suffolk, 1609m, in late April,
- " The Derby Stakes " in Epsom Downs, Epsom, Surrey, 2414 m, in early June,
- »The St. Leger Stakes " in Town Moor, Doncaster, Yorkshire, about 2900 m, in mid-September.
Since then, they may be won (1809 ), only 15 horses have won the Triple Crown. Nijinsky II is only the second horse that won the Triple Crown since the First World War, and it seems unlikely that this event occurs again. Only the horses Nashwan (1989) and Camelot (2012 ) have won two of the three races.
Winner of the Triple Crown series in the United Kingdom:
A variant of the above Triple Crown is the " Triple Crown " for mares, which takes the place of the " Derby " the so-called mare Derby » The Oaks Stakes " here. In addition, mares can also start in the area reserved for them » 1000 Guineas race ." Among the winners in this Triple Crown variant include, for example Sceptre and Oh So Sharp.
In the U.S., the Triple Crown consists of the following races:
- Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky, 1.25 miles ( 2012 m), on the first Saturday in May
- Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland, 1910 m, on the third Saturday in May
- Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park Racetrack in Belmont, New York, 2414 m in early June
The term Triple Crown exists in the United States since 1930, the same year Gallant Fox won three races. In 125 years, only eleven horses have won the U.S. Triple Crown:
Since 1959 there is the " Triple Crown of Canadian thoroughbred racing," which consists of the following three races:
- Queen's Plate - held at the Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto in June
- Prince of Wales Stakes - held at the Racecourse of Fort Erie in July
- Breeders' Stakes - again at the Woodbine Racetrack in August.
Seven three- year-olds have won the Canadian Triple Crown:
Japan has two Triple Crown, a three year old stallions and mares and one exclusively for mares. The first Triple Crown have not won seven horses, the second two.
In the Federal Republic of Germany and in reunited Germany, the Triple Crown consists of the following races:
- »Flour - Mühlens Race - also called German 2000 Guineas " (former " Henckel race " ), Cologne, 1600 meters - Gr. II
- » Deutsches Derby ," Hamburg-Horn, 2400 meters - Gr. I
- » Deutsches St. Leger ," Dortmund, 2800 meters - Gr. II
Here once was 1979, the horse king chair ( born May 17, 1976, † 1995) under the jockey Peter Alafi ( born February 5, 1936 in Budapest, † August 20 2012 in Krefeld ) claim the title for themselves.
In the GDR, the " Triple Crown " consisted of the race
- » Spring breeding price of three year olds "
- " Derby of the GDR "
- » Big Fall Price of Three Years "
And was won by three horses:
- Horse racing