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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Trofa is a city in the Norte region, in northern Portugal. The city is counted to the metropolitan region of Porto.
- 4.1 Highway
- 4.2 transport
Various discoveries prove a prehistoric settlement of the area. Be mentioned here are the 34 axes from the Bronze Age, that were found in São Martinho de Bougado, the open tomb ( Mamoa ) near Trofa, the rock paintings in the village Maganha, and the fort remains of the Castro culture at Alvarelhos.
The earliest official mention of the circle comes from a document of the year 979 and related to the former municipalities Alvarelhos, São Cristóvão do Muro and Cedões. Today the district was about 160 years in the former, early circles of Maia, Vila do Conde, Santo Tirso and the first circle of Trofa. In the 13th century, the area was da Maia performed under the name of Terra before it was incorporated in 1384 Porto.
King D.Manuel I put the circle in 1527 to restore and gave Trofa city rights. Until the Liberal Revolution in 1822 the group remained unchanged. In 1835 he was affiliated with the enlargement of the circle Santo Tirso this. In the course of the 19th century the whole area experienced an industrial development, also due to the improved connectivity through new roads and the arrival of the railway in 1875. Particular, the textile industry made henceforth for a significant growth in population, but also the more intensive agriculture contributed to steady development.
Trofa is the seat of an eponymous district ( concelho ) in the district of Porto. June 30, 2011 had the circle 38 893 inhabitants in an area of 71.9 km ².
The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Vila Nova de Famalicão, Santo Tirso, Maia and Vila do Conde.
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) are in the county Trofa:
- São Mamede de Coronado
- São Martinho de Bougado ( Trofa )
- São Romão Coronado do
- Santiago de Bougado ( Trofa )
- Cape Verde Santa Catarina, Santiago Island, Cape Verde (since 2008)
The football club Clube Desportivo Trofense Founded in 1930, plays its home matches at the 6,000 -seat stadium Estádio Clube Desportivo Trofense. He plays in the second division of the country, the Segunda Liga (as of season 2013/14 ).
Among the other clubs in the district of Futebol Clube São Romão, founded in 1964 from the municipality of São Romão Coronado do is call. He will in leagues of Porto District Association.
Trofa is located on the railway line Linha do Minho, a new station was opened in 2010. In the case Trofa partially exposed Linha de Guimarães to operate at times been discontinued rail of Porto.
The national road N104 leads 4 km east of the junction No.5 (Santo Tirso ) the A3 motorway and about 20 km west of the junction No.18 ( Mindelo ) of the A28 motorway. Trofa is also connected by the National Road N14 to the 10 km northern Vila Nova de Famalicão and approximately 15 km south Maia.
From the population, there are initiatives that promote the implementation of the planned extension of the light rail Porto ( Metro do Porto ) to Trofa. Announced is a resumption of the expansion in 2014.
So far, the public transport system is operated by private bus services in regional public concession.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Sebastião Cruz (1918-1996), clergyman, lawyer and legal historian
- António Ferreira dos Santos ( b. 1936 ), sacred music scholars, teachers included Sacred Music in Munich and organ in Salzburg
- Rui Pedro Silva ( born 1981 ), athlete
- Pedro Fernando Rios Soares Ramos ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Leonardo José Ferreira da Costa ( born 1984 ), football player
- Vítor Hugo Costa Ferreira ( born 1986 ), football player
- João Pedro Azevedo Silva ( * 1987), football player