Troyes [ tʀwa ] is a town with 60 013 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in northeastern France and the administrative seat of the Aube (10th department), in the Champagne -Ardenne region. Troyes is located on the Seine. With suburbs, the population is 136,000 inhabitants ( called CAT for Communauté de l' AgglomÃ troyenne ), and with urban metropolitan center on 172 497 inhabitants.
Troyes was the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Tricassen ( Tricassii or Tricasses ) and was called by the Romans Augustobona Tricassium or Augustomana Tricassiorum ( in Ptolemy ). In the 4th century, the city became a bishopric (see: Diocese of Troyes ). To the west of Troyes was the 451 battle on the fields between Attila and Aetius Catalaunian instead.
In the 10th century Troyes Troyes center of the county, which was owned by the Count of Vermandois house, a line of the Carolingians.
In the city worked among other things, Rashi (1040-1105), one of the greatest Jewish scholars of the Middle Ages. His famous commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud, which he wrote in Troyes be reprinted today with in most Jewish Bible and Talmud. Furthermore, had the medieval poet Chrétien de Troyes (about 1140-1190 ) in the city - at the time, as Troyes was the residence of the Counts of Champagne. In Chrétien de Troyes, the Parzival story goes back to the search for the Holy Grail.
In 1129, the Council of Troyes took place here.
From the 12th century two of the six annual fairs or fairs were held in Troyes, for the Champagne was famous. Here goods from the Netherlands ( cloth ) to Italy (silk, oriental goods ) were traded. Among the Counts of Champagne, who had made Troyes as their capital, is also organized one of the first European money markets.
During the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) the city's importance waned. Troyes was occupied by the British on the field. Not least for this reason, the Treaty of Troyes was signed here in 1420. With this contract, allied to the King of France, Charles VI. ( at the instigation of his wife Isabeau ), king of England, Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy Philip III. in order to exclude the Crown Prince and later Charles VII of France from the succession. Nine years later, the English were expelled and Jeanne d'Arc was able to lead the Dauphin to Reims for the coronation.
In the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance Troyes became one of the most important centers of sculpture in which appeared, among others, the master of chaource and Jacques Bachot.
A renewed weakening of the city was carried out by the diversion of trade from land to sea. Troyes was transformed in the 16th and 17th centuries from a trading center to a center of the textile industry. At the same time, the city was one of the strongholds of the Huguenots, and so badly hit by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
The Edict of Troyes, issued by Louis XIII. , Laid in 1630 found that the cities Clairmont and Mont Ferrand be combine into a city called Clermont -Ferrand. It was 101 years later by Louis XV. confirmed.
Coat of arms
Description: In a blue diagonally right white bar with Mäandersaum on both sides. In the blue shield main three golden lilies.
The city economy depends mainly on tourism, the local smelter, as well as the textile and rubber industries. Furthermore, viniculture. The grapes are verkeltert almost exclusively to champagne.
With over 1,000 employees, the company Devanlay ( Lacoste ) is established with textile factories in Troyes. The Devanlay S. A. is one of the last textile companies that produce in France. Polo Shirts, T -shirts, sweaters, shirts and various other garments are produced there for the fashion company Lacoste.
The troy ounce refers to Troyes.
- Houses of the 16th - 18th Century in the renovated Old Town
- Churches of the Gothic and the Renaissance: Cathedral Saint- Pierre -et -Saint -Paul 13 - 17th Century, a church treasurer and glass paintings from the 13th - 16th century
- Former collegiate church of Saint -Urbain: Founded in 1262 by Pope Urban IV
- Saint -Jean (14th - 17th century)
- Sainte -Madeleine: 12th - 16th Century, with a rood screen Flamboyant (1508-1516)
- Saint -Martin -des- Vignes: Renaissance church from 1589-1610
- Saint- Rémy: 14th - 16th century
- Saint- Pantaleon: 16th century, with a Baroque facade
- Musée d' Art Moderne: the Bishop's Palace from the 16th - 18th century
- Musée Saint- Loup: ( Fine Arts, Archaeology, Natural History ) at the Abbaye St Loup from the 17-18. century
- The Apothicairerie de l' Hôtel Dieu- le- Comte: Museum of pharmacy from the 18th century
- Musée de Vauluisant at the Hôtel de Vauluisant from the 16th century
- Maison de l' outil et de la Pensee Ouvriere: the Hôtel de Mauroy from the 16th century
- Technical University of Troyes ( Université de technologie de Troyes, UTT ), a State Technical University, which opened in 1994. The University has 127 teaching staff. In 2005 it had 1857 students enrolled in engineering sciences.
- Groupe Ecole supérieure de commerce de Troyes, a private economics Grande école which was opened in 1992 and is attended by approximately 1600 students.
- The ES Troyes AC is a professional football club, which currently ( 2013-14 ) plays in the second league.
- Belgium Tournai, Belgium, since 1951
- Germany Darmstadt, Germany, since 1958
- Netherlands Alkmaar, Netherlands, since 1958
- Poland Zielona Góra ( Grünberg in Silesia), Poland, since 1970
- United Kingdom Chesterfield, United Kingdom, since 1973
Sons and daughters of the town
- Patroclus of Troyes ( † about 259), Christian martyr
- Rashi ( Rabbi Shlomo ben Yitzchak ) ( 1040-1105 ), Talmud commentator
- Chrétien de Troyes ( 1140 † about 1190 ), Old French author
- Peter Comestor ( † around 1178 ), theologian
- Urban IV ( 1200 † 1264 ), pope from 1261 to 1264
- Guillaume Le Bé (1525-1598), typographer and publisher
- Jean Passerat (1534-1602), writer and poet
- Pierre Pithou (1539-1596), lawyer and scholar
- Jacques Linard (1597-1645), still life painter
- Pierre Mignard (1610-1695), painter of the Baroque period
- Margaret Bourgeoys (1620-1700), foundress and saint of the Roman Catholic Church
- François Girardon (1628-1715), sculptor
- Louis Brisson (1817-1908), founder of the Oblate Sisters of St.. Francis de Sales (along with Leonie Aviat ) and the Oblates of St.. Francis de Sales, ( born in nearby Plancy Abbaye ), beatified in 2012.
- Ulbach Louis (1822-1889), writer and journalist
- Félix Saussier Gustave (1828-1905), General and Deputy
- Émile Coué (1857-1926), founder of the modern, conscious autosuggestion
- Édouard Herriot (1872-1957), Parti radical (radical socialist party ), politician of the Third Republic, three times Prime Minister
- Jacques Siclier (1927-2013), film critic, writer, historian and author
- Armand de Las Cuevas ( b. 1968 ), cyclist
- Drujon Mathieu ( b. 1983 ), cyclist
- François Marque ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Damien Perquis ( born 1984 ), Franco- Polish footballer
- Benoît Drujon ( born 1985 ), cyclist
- Gaëtane Thiney ( born 1985 ), football player