An attempt ( engl. try ) is the most common way to score points in the sports of rugby league and rugby union. It is achieved by a player deposits the ball in the opponents in-goal, or alternatively, at the same time touches a goal post and the ground. The player taking hold of the ball in his hands when he sets on the ground.
In Rugby League, an attempt has four points, before 1983 it was worth only three points. In Rugby Union, there are five points for achieving an experiment. Over the years, this value has increased several times (up to 1891 point to 1893, two points, three points to 1971, and 1992, four points).
An attempt is similar to a touchdown in American football and Canadian football, with the difference that the player must necessarily touch the ground with the ball. In both variants of rugby, however, the term " touchdown " stands for the drop of the ball in his own in-goal to take the opponent the opportunity of an experiment. For this, however, the term "Grounding " is more common.
If a judge believes that an attempt was prevented by a malfunction of the defending team, he may grant a penalty try in both Rugby League and Rugby Union from the attacking team. Criminal trials are always granted under the goal posts, no matter where the infraction happened.
Since January 2005, includes a penalty try in rugby union at least a warning and thus a yellow card or a red card.
If a team scores a try, it is given in two variants rugby the chance to run a boost. This attempts to kick the ball between the two longitudinal battens and over the crossbar of the H-shaped gate, thereby achieving additional points. The kick is made in parallel to the touch line from any point in the game, which is at the height of the point where the experiment was laid. In Rugby Union, the increase may be in the form of a placed kicks done from the ground or by a drop kick (the player, dropping the ball and kicking him after he rebounded from the bottom ). In Rugby League Kicks are only placed with an increase in permits, in contrast, only 7- rugby drop kicks.
To facilitate the subsequent increase, try the attacking players as possible drop the ball as close to the center. Both in Rugby Union and Rugby League, an increase is worth two points.
Development of the rule
The somewhat idiosyncratic term " trial " comes from the early days of rugby. Due to the emergence of the game of football, the increase had a higher value than today. At the beginning it was the aim of the game is to score goals ( goals ). A trial was granted after dropping the ball behind the goal posts. There were no more points, but the attacking team could kick a goal attempt, without being disturbed by the opposing team. Only when here there was a tie, gave the number of attempts the rash. From 1875 Goal was offset by three experiments.
In modern rugby, and in all derived versions, the players take the test before the shot on goal. The experiment has now exceeds a fixed point value has increased over time, and those of the Torschusses. Nevertheless, it is important for each team to have a good kicker, as successfully implemented increases often make all the difference.
Number of points:
* Rugby League only ** Rugby Union
The last change was in 1992, the appreciation of the experiment in Rugby Union on 5 points, so that there is an increased attempt (= 7 ) is no longer by two penalty kicks ( = 6) can be compensated.
- Rugby rule