The Turdetani (Latin Turdetani ) was an Iberian tribe.
The Turdetani already settled in pre-Roman times in the historical region of Baetica in the flat and fertile valley of the Baetis ( Guadalquivir today ). You already knew ways to refine and understood metals themselves. Agriculture on The Turdetani were unwarlike, but formed. Already Herodotus mentions the Turdetani and describes it as a civilized and well-mannered. The Turdetani should have possessed a written legal order. Strabo conjectured that the Turdetani succeeded the Tartessos and their language was similar to Tarte -sian.
The Turdetani took over soon after their subjugation by the Romans whose language and culture.
The strain placed himself in the Battle of Rio Tinto with other Iberian and Celtiberian groups might also Hamilcar Barca after his landing 237 BC in Nadir (Cádiz ) counter. Hamilcar was the father of Hannibal, who crossed the Alps BC 218. But Hamilcar overcame the Rio Tinto and was able to advance to the mouth of the Baetis. Along the Baetis it must be scattered, but have given, densely populated areas, which kept each other little contact, so that the Carthaginians found it easy to occupy the Baetis valley. Upriver are silver mines and mines for other minerals, their economic exploitation had Hamilcar aside to pay the reparations by the defeat in the First Punic War to the Roman Empire. In addition, this campaign was for his further plans to conquer other parts of the Iberian Peninsula, very important.
In the year 197 BC, brought the Turdetani against the governor appointed by Rome. In the year 195 BC, the consul general and Marcus Porcius Cato the Elder ended the revolt of Turdetani, the " last militant base in Hispania".