Turi ( in the local dialect: Ture ) is a Southern Italian municipality ( comune ) with 12,963 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2012) in the province of Bari, in Puglia. The community is located about 26 kilometers southeast of Bari and about 52 kilometers northwest of Taranto.
Probably already existed in the 6/7 Century a settlement of Peucetians that extended to approximately 25 acres. It is possible that the settlement Thuriae which is mentioned by Livy.
During the period of fascism numerous anti-fascists were arrested in Turi.
- Giovanni Maria Sabino (1588-1649), organist and composer
- Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), Marxist philosopher, anti-fascist and founder of the Italian Communist Party, held in Turi 1928-1933.
- Alessandro Pertini (1896-1990), president from 1978 to 1985, imprisoned in Turi
Passing through the municipality, the Strada Statale 172 dei Trulli of Alberobello Casamassima on Putigliano. A train station is on the non-electrified railway line Bari - Casamassima - Putignano.
Turi has partnerships with the Slovenian municipality of Sežana in the region Obalno - kraška as well as the commune of Roeser Luxembourg in the canton of Esch- sur -Alzette.